Saturday, August 29, 2009
The musical project «Rhythm of Mankind & Nature» was founded in 2000. Its purpose was creating the mood music able to heighten the listener’s perception of the surrounding World. Composed as based on electronic sounding, the music is harmoniously supplemented by live instruments and vocal, creating both melancholic, warm, gentle pieces causing delight, the feeling of flight, cosiness and comfort and depressive melodies able to remind one of complicated life problems.
In 2003 the project founder, a Russian composer/producer Roman Pavlov, concluded a contract with the English publishing house – Label Raw42. The result of cooperation was the release of album Relax – collected compositions in discs Raw42 and BE52 Records, as well as the advertising of Isabella Rossellini perfume.
From 2006 Roman has organized own small label ROMAN Music Records for a narrow circle of composers, and has signed the contract with distributor Isolation Network Electronic Music / BMI, San-Francisco, USA.
Last updated at 7:39 PM on 28th August 2009
It may look like a piece of honeycomb, but this lattice-shaped image is the first ever close-up view of a single molecule.
Scientists from IBM used an atomic force microscope (AFM) to reveal the chemical bonds within a molecule.
'This is the first time that all the atoms in a molecule have been imaged,' lead researcher Leo Gross said.
The delicate inner structure of a pentacene molecule has been imaged with an atomic force microscope
The researchers focused on a single molecule of pentacene, which is commonly used in solar cells. The rectangular-shaped organic molecule is made up of 22 carbon atoms and 14 hydrogen atoms.
In the image above the hexagonal shapes of the five carbon rings are clear and even the positions of the hydrogen atoms around the carbon rings can be seen.
To give some perspective, the space between the carbon rings is only 0.14 nanometers across, which is roughly one million times smaller than the diameter of a grain of sand.
Textbook model: A computer-generated image of how we're used to seeing a molecule represented with balls and sticks
'If you think about how a doctor uses an X-ray to image bones and organs inside the
A 3D view showing how a single carbon monoxide molecule was used to create the image using a 'tuning fork' effect
The team from IBM Research
The AFM uses a sharp metal tip that acts like a tuning fork to measure the tiny forces between the tip and the molecule. This requires great precision as the tip moves within a nanometer of the sample.
'Above the skeleton of the molecular backbone (of the pentacene) you get a different detuning than above the surface the molecule is lying on,' Mr Gross said.
This detuning is then measured and converted into an image.
To stop the tip from absorbing the pentacene molecule, the researchers replaced the metal with a single molecule of carbon monoxide. This was found to be more stable and created weaker electrostatic attractions with the pentacene, creating a higher resolution image.
IBM researchers Nikolaj Moll, Reto Schlittler, Gerhard Meyer, Fabian Mohn and Leo Gross (l-r) stand behind an atomic force microscope Photo taken by
The experiment was also performed inside a high vacuum at the extremely cold temperature of -268C to avoid stray gas molecules or atomic vibrations from affecting the measurements.
'Eventually we want to investigate using molecules for molecular electronics,' Mr Gross said.
'We want to use molecules as wires or logic switches or elements.'
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1209726/Single-molecule-million-times-smaller-grain-sand-pictured-time.html#ixzz0PdWB6ZN4
Animal mutilations have puzzled researchers and ranchers for decades. Animal mutilations involve the killing and mutilation of animals such as cattle, horses, sheep, dogs and sometimes even humans. The first reports of cattle mutilation (the most common type of animal mutilated) occurred around the 1960s in Kansas and Pennsylvania. Over the years stories began spreading in the newspapers with possible connections to Extraterrestrials and quickly gained popularity. In rare cases, alien abductees have reported under hypnosis seeing cattle taken into the alien craft and mutilated. Sometimes animals are found mutilated in areas unreachable by normal means (military sites/restricted areas) By the mid 1970s, reports of animal mutilations spread over 15 states with 130 reports in Colorado alone. According a survey taken by the National Institute for Discovery Science (NIDS), mutilation of the eye occurred in 59 percent of cases, mutilation of the tongue in 42 percent of cases, the genitals in 85 percent of cases, and the rectum in 76 percent of cases. There is an estimated 2000 mutilation cases a year with many unreported. There are many theories on what could cause mutilations, reasons being predators, natural causes, governmental agencies, cults, but the most common reason is Extraterrestrials.
Characteristics of Mutilations:
*The removal of body parts such as eyes, udders, sexual organs, anus, tongue, lips, ears
*The stripping of hide and flesh from different points in the body
*The removal of soft organs from the lower body
*The presence of incisions and cuts across the body that appear to have been made by a surgical instrument, wounds are clean as well
*Sometimes hemoglobin in the remaining flesh of victims were cooked indicating a laser-like heat source capable of generating temperatures of 300 degrees Fahrenheit and above (used to cut the tissue)
*Unexplained damage to remaining organs, but no sign of damage to the surrounding area
*A lack of predation signs (including teethmarks, tearing of the skin or flesh, or animal footprints) on or around the carcass
*No tracks around the area of the body, In some instances, three or more animals are found dead in a straight row on the ground, in a similar position, as if they walked one after the other in the same direction, when sudden death occurred. Possible radiation in the area.
*In some cases, blood is completely drained from body with no traces of blood in or around the mutilated corpse
*Unusually high/low levels of vitamins or minerals in tissue samples
*Presence of chemicals not normally found in animals
*Presence of a fluorescent substance visible only under ultra-violet light on the hides of some
*Surviving animals display unusual behavior and avoidance of body
*Refusal of predatory, wild animals, and even insects to feed on or come near mutilated corpses
*Strange marks and holes on the ground where the mutilated animal was found
*Unusual smells described as being medicinal or chemical like
Odd Cases of Mutilation
September 9, 1967 San Luis Valley of southern Colorado - The first animal mutilation reported by the media was an Apaloosa mare named "Lady" found dead and stripped of flesh from the neck up. A pathologist confirmed that all chest organs had been removed and the excisions had been made with high heat.
January 31, 1992, Caldwell, Kansas - Steer found, jaw flesh, bone and teeth had been excised in bloodless, oval cuts. The excisions had been cut with high heat, hot enough to cook the hemoglobin.
February 27, 1998, Dorset - a young lady found a lamb with a neat 1.5cm hole above the eye - the skull was empty. On 11th March 1998, the same young lady found one of her lambs with an eye missing and apparent coring of the rectum.
1997, Cornwall - Several farmers found mutilated animals, involved a lamb which had been totally stripped of all flesh and hide over 100 percent of its body - the skeletal bones were completely clean but all the internal organs were left in place.
1997, Utah - Two ranchers tagged a specific calf, then continued tagging other animals in the same pasture. Less than an hour later, the first calf was discovered dead; had scissor-like cuts with internal organs and most of the muscles missing. There was no blood, entrails, or disturbance at the scene.
June 17, 2002 Laprida - Mutilated animals found, examined by veterinary surgeon, Juan Mudrovcic, who found the four cows had been mutilated - eyes and udders were missing and there were incisions in the jaw area. The field the animals were discovered in is practically inaccessible flooded area only accessible by tractor.
July 5, 2002, San Francisco del Monte de Oro - Bovine found with incisions similar other reported cases of mutilation, missing several internal organs ears, tongue and one eye. Anus appeared to have been extracted and the entire area of the wound seemed to have been burned. Guard dogs did not bark strangely.
July 10, 2002 Tucaman - Eight bovines and seven goats were found mutilated; eyes, tongues, gums and genitals were missing. The animals were bloodless. mutilations were accompanied by residents claiming to have seen a large light in the sky.
Possible Cases of Human Abduction
A Sergeant and senior officer were detailed to travel several miles down the missile range in a military vehicle to find and recover any debris from spent missiles. They separated in order to cover a wider area of the sand dunes more quickly. Suddenly the officer heard screams in the area of the dunes where the sergeant was searching. He ran towards the noise thinking that a rattlesnake had bitten the sergeant and as he reached the top of the dune, he saw a disc shaped craft hovering low above the ground which abducted the sergeant. The officer returned to base in a state of shock. When he reported what had happened he was not believed and arrested for murder. An immediate search of the area failed to find any sign of the sergeant. Three days later Sergeant Louette's mutilated body was found twenty miles down the range. The mutilations were clinical and precise and involved the removal of the genitals, the rectum and the eyes. The officer was released without charge. The story was leaked out by people involved in the incident, the military refused to confirm or deny that such an incident had taken place.
Although many strange stories have come out of the Vietnam conflict, there can be none stranger than that reported at a UFO Conference in Las Vegas in 1989 by an ex United States Air Force man who was serving as a photographer in Vietnam in the late sixties. He was involved in a mission to investigate the mysterious crash of a B-52 bomber, and was air lifted by helicopter into the jungle where the plane had gone down. The first surprise was to find the plane intact, and no sign of a crash landing: it was if the plane had been air lifted and placed into position. Inside the cabin, though was a greater shock. The four-man crew were still strapped into their seats, but all had been mutilated with the typical clean-cut wounds that we see in the animal mutilations. After inspecting the plane and photographing both it and the occupants, the investigation team was ordered to burn the plane and the occupants.
National Institute for Discovery Science
Friday, August 28, 2009
Michael Shermer, as head of one of America’s leading skeptic organizations, and as a powerful activist and essayist in the service of this operational form of reason, is an important figure in American public life.
Stephen Jay Gould
Dr. Michael Shermer is the Founding Publisher of Skeptic magazine, the Executive Director of the Skeptics Society, a monthly columnist for Scientific American, the host of the Skeptics Distinguished Science Lecture Series at
Posted using ShareThis
Wednesday, August 26, 2009
Sunday, August 23, 2009
Saturday, August 22, 2009
Past UFO Traffic Reports are posted in this list according to sighting description, and then arranged first by date, and then by state. The links in this list were updated with stories published through June 27, 2009. Some of the older stories are not yet linked though - but we're working on it.
Bell or acorn-shaped
Chevron or V-shaped
Cylinder or cigar-shaped
Controversy and hoax
Disc, round or oval-shaped
Flash of light
Odd shapes or descriptions
Orange colored lights
Russia's main TV channels carried reports on the test
Russian TV showed a Tupolev bomber dropping the bomb over a test range, a powerful explosion and a four-storey building reduced to rubble.
Claims it is bigger than the Moab, a US device of similar destructive power, seem plausible, analysts say.
Such bombs are mainly designed to destroy underground targets.
editor of Jane's Air-launched Weapons
The name Moab officially stands for Massive Ordnance Air Burst but has unofficially been interpreted as Mother Of All Bombs.
The Russian bomb, which has no known official name, has been dubbed Father of All Bombs by its designers, Russia's Channel One News says in its report.
It contains about seven tons of high explosives compared with more than eight for the Moab but is four times more powerful because it uses a new type of explosive developed with the use of nanotechnology, according to the channel.
"Test results of the new airborne weapon have shown that its efficiency and power is commensurate with a nuclear weapon," Gen Alexander Rukshin, Russian deputy armed forces chief of staff, told the channel.
It has, he says, "no match in the world".
Robert Hewson, editor of Jane's Air-launched Weapons, believes that the Russian claims are plausible given the country's track record in developing, and using, fuel-air devices.
"I think the likelihood is that this is the world's biggest non-nuclear bomb," he told the BBC News website.
"You can argue about the numbers and how you scale this but the Russians have a long and proven history of developing weapons in the thermobaric class."
Russia used such weapons in Afghanistan and Chechnya, Hewson says, and he suspects that the bomb shown on TV was conceived for the Chechen conflict but never actually used because of the sheer scale of the destruction it could wreak.
He believes that the test blast was a "statement" by Russia comparable in its psychological effect to America's demonstration of the Moab just before the 2003 invasion of Iraq - a demonstration never followed up by its actual use.
"The Russians are in a phase of needing to make statements at the moment and have done the same thing," Hewson says.
The giant bomb was transported by a Tu-160 "Blackjack" supersonic bomber, itself in the news recently when Russia revived the Soviet practice of sending heavy bombers out on long-range flights.
Sources: AP, GlobalSecurity.org
The Truth About Numerology And Its' Profound Influence Upon Your Life Life is like being in the middle of a fast-flowing river moving in one direction can be easy and fulfilling, but if try to move in the other direction, life will be difficult and you'll encounter enormous resistance. The difference is in life - unlike a river - it's not always apparent the direction in which we should be heading. We can easily get the feeling that life is one big struggle, when all we really need is to be pointed in the right direction. We do have free will and we can choose to go in any direction that we want. However, if it is a direction in which we are not destined to go, chances are the journey will be difficult, unrewarding, and not nearly as enjoyable as traveling in the direction which you know is right for you.
Warning: Don't Buy Any Numerology Reading Until You Read This:
Your reading should get the personal attention of a qualified numerologist, particularly if accuracy is important to you. There are a large number of fully-automated websites out there, that will automatically generate a numerology reading for you. Although normally cheap, these services do not take into account all the special cases that frequently arise in numerology, and so can often give you an inaccurate picture.
In combination with the personal attention outlined above, the calculations involved should be done by a computer. Although no computer program can take the place of a real numerologist, the hundreds of calculations involved should be done automatically. Doing this part manually is both error-prone and time-intensive, and there's no point in paying a numerologist for several hour's work just to do the calculations, when a computer can do these in a matter of seconds.
The numerology reading should take into account both your birth name and your current name. For example, if someone is named as birth as "Robert Anthony Jones", but is now known as "Bob Jones", the effect of this name change can be considerable (and likewise for name-changes with marriage, dropped middle names, etc). Only a chart that takes both the birth name and name as currently used will give you a complete, accurate picture.
The numerology reading should be unconditionally guaranteed. Although numerology is a fairly exact science, 1-2% of people may not identify with their reading (some of which may not be ready to accept the information that confronts them!). Either way, there's no sense in paying for a reading that you're not completely happy with ... so any reading you get, be it person-to-person or ordered online, should have a no-questions-asked money-back guarantee.
All information gotten via your request for a numerology reading must be kept completely confidential. Although most people are happy to share their name and
What's In a Name?
When we choose a name for a new baby, a pet, or a business, we may think our decision is based on sentimental factors, the name's pleasant sound, or practicality. Our grandmother's name was Elmira, and we loved her, therefore our baby daughter is bestowed with that name. Our calico cat is cute and reminds us of a quilt, so we dub him Patches. Our business needs to be attention-grabbing, so we call it I've Got Your Number.
Whether we use numerological influences consciously or not, their energies do apply to the names given to people, places, and things. There are larger forces at work in the world of letters and numbers than we sometimes choose to acknowledge. It is quite possible to steer life in a desired direction by choosing names for their number energies.
Here is a table of the letters of the alphabet and their corresponding numbers:
And here is a brief summation of the energies associated with the numbers 1 through 9:
1 – leadership, innovation, independence
2 – partnership, balance, tact
3 – charm, friendship, optimism
4 – organization, honesty, hard work
5 – adventure, change, freedom
6 – responsibility, justice, parenting skills
7 – philosophy, truth, learning
8 – success, competition, authority
9 – idealism, compassion, healing
Think of a name you like, write it down, and below each letter write the corresponding numeric value. Add all the digits, repeatedly, if necessary, until you get a single digit. Elmira, for instance, would be 5 + 3 + 4 + 9 + 9 + 1 = 31 = 3 + 1 = 4. If this name is chosen for a baby, the middle and last name number values would also have to be taken into consideration and added to the first name numeric value to get a more complete picture of the type of person they would be.
Divining Your Soul Number by Sam Stevens
Your Soul Number, which defines your very essence or heart's desire, is calculated using the vowels in the name that appeared on your birth certificate. This reading describes what you or another person value or want most in life.
First of all, eliminate all the consonants from your birth name by adding together the numerical equivalents displayed on the chart below.
For instance, let's take
First we would eliminate all the consonants from her name. The result is
aea eie aeo We would then add the number equivalents of all these letters together and reduce them to a single digit as in:
1+5+1+5+9+5+2+5+6 = 39
3+9 = 11
1+1 = 2
Pamela Anderson's is a master number 11 as well as a 2 so she would read the interpretations for booth as described below.
INTERPRETATIONS OF THE SOUL NUMBER
Soul Number 1
More than anything else people with this number desire to be number one in all areas of their life. These often-flamboyant individuals crave being in the spotlight. They delight in experimentation and are the first to exploit a trend or new philosophy that will allow them to stand out from the crowd. More than anything the almost childish Soul Number 1 secretly desires unconditional approval from others.
Soul Number 2
Individuals with this number have a deep desire to always be right. They are black and white thinkers who often tell others "it's my way or the high way." As they often lead difficult lives that are fraught with criticism from others, especially in child hood, it is their desire for respect that leads them to be so difficult sometimes. Soul number 2's greatly benefit from developing an accepting rather than autocratic approach when dealing with other people.
Soul Number 3
Soul number 3's have a great desire to be beautiful. In childhood they are usually the ugly ducklings and even though many of them do grow into swans, they still often feel that there is something wrong with their appearance. Soul Number 3's do not believe in aging gracefully and many of them resort to plastic surgery in later years to defy the ravages of time. Some Number 3's also become artists or photographers so that they can convey the importance of beauty to others.
Soul Number 4
More than anything, Soul Number 4's crave emotional and financial security. As a result they can be clingy, possessive and controlling of their loved ones. Their fear of taking risks can also cause them to be "stuck", especially when it comes to academics and career. Number 4's tend to stick to what they know works and react with hostility to any suggestion about change. Developing the confidence to handle anything that comes their way is the best way for number 4's to overcome their insecurity.
Soul Number 5
Soul Number 5's desire freedom more than anything else in their lives. They are somewhat claustrophobic and feel very confined by office jobs and routines. To avoid apathy and depression, number 5's should seek out careers that involve a great deal of travel or a flexible time schedule. They function best as the owners of their own business or as entrepreneurs. Developing a regimen of spiritual study also greatly assists 5's as that helps them quell their restlessness and develop a sense of inner peace.
Soul Number 6
Soul Number 6's desire justice at all costs. These proactive individuals consider themselves to be agents of karma and often work behind the scenes to punish the undeserving and reward those who they consider to be underdogs. They are also perfectionists on many levels and often make unrealistic demands on themselves and others in their never-ending quest to balance the score. To mitigate a tendency to resent all authority or judge a book by its cover, 6's need to learn a tolerance and acceptance of others who do not share their opinions or moral standards.
Soul Number 7
Soul Number 7's desire unconditional love. Many of them come from abusive or addicted families, so often they succumb to addiction or codependences with toxic partners. 7's are often motivated by the urge to love others without conditions, as they have always desired the same for themselves. Unfortunately their kindness is not always rewarded, as they tend to choose emotionally unavailable, mentally ill or otherwise difficult partners. Individuals following this difficult soul path often learn several hard lessons about "letting go" of bad relationships before the end of their life.
Soul Number 8
Soul Number 8's are practical creatures that value success above all else. Even as children many of them demonstrate an incredible ability to relate to other people as well as make the right decisions regarding academics and career. Although they can appear selfish and materialistic to others, their actual desire (at least in the beginning) is to create a more prosperous future for their family, friends and community. 8's are usually generous and philanthropic individuals who don't feel that they deserve love unless they offer others a gift. Often they need to learn that aside from acquiring great wealth, there are simpler routes to happiness.
Soul Number 9
Those born with a Soul Number 9 have a great desire to transcend all karma by using humor. Many are witty writers, public speakers and filmmakers. They are also great teachers as they have a way of transforming spiritual messages and philosophies into entertainment for the masses. Most of them are gentle souls who have made it their life mission to make the world into a kinder place. Many of them are also liberal thinkers who support the right of each individual to make their own mistakes. Their motto is "Remember to take time out to smell the flowers."
Soul Number 11
Number 11 is a master soul number. The prime directive of these individuals is to transform the world through the use of spiritual knowledge, talents or tools. More than anything these individuals often desire to be as close to God or enlightenment as is possible in this world. They often accomplish this by deliberately choosing to be born into bad situations that punish them for incorrect actions in other lives. This eventually leads them to an incarnation as a "
Soul Number 22
Number 22's are the master manifesters of the numerology divination system. These individuals rarely make a move in life without first making sure that their decisions are aligned with the guidance of Divine Will. These souls are sent to us to transform the world for the better. They accomplish this by combining practicality and genius with inspiration, intuition and a heart-felt desire to do what is best for all. Most 22's believe that it is possible to build a
Soul Number 33
Soul number 33's value a state of grace above all else. Many of them appear as enigmas as it is next to impossible to determine the logic behind their motivations or actions. A master soul number of 33 is very, very rare. They often spend the majority of their lifetime being misunderstood or persecuted for their beliefs. However as many are enlightened and completely detached from emotions or events, the actions of ordinary mortals have little effect on their directive to spiritually transform the world.
About the Author Samantha Stevens was a professional psychic. Read more of her articles at http://www.newagenotebook.com If you wish to buy Samantha's books about metaphysics click here http://www.insomniacpress.com/author.php?id=110
Numerology Basics by Universal Psychic Guild
The study of numbers and how they relate to us is called Numerology.
It was the Greek mathematician Phythagoras (569-470BC) who was one of the first scholars to use the numerology systems. He laid the foundations which formed the basis of the current system of numerology.
With your birth date, using basic numerology techniques, it is possible to determine the type of person that you what path you might take in your life time.
Also, every letter of the alphabet has a numeric value, and by adding up the numbers which correspond to the letter in your name, you can also ascertain information about your life such as:
* Determine their Life Path and Destiny.
* Learn what challenges they may have to overcome.
* Identify peak moments in their lives.
* Explore their special talents and skills and how to use them wisely.
* Discover what they have the innate abilities to be.
THE LIFE PATH NUMBER
Sometimes called the Life Direction Number, Your Life Path Number represents the path you should take through life and the talents and skills you have to make your journey a rewarding one.
To find your life number you have to add up all the numbers in your birth date
LIFE DESTINY NUMBER
Your Destiny Number sheds light on those things you must accomplish in your life to be fulfilled. It is determined by adding together the values for all the letters in your full birth name.
YOUR LUCKY NUMBER
Your Personal Lucky Number does not change.Your luck derived from this number will be strongest when you are addressing events and issues related to the general meaning of the number.
YOUR FOUNDATION LETTERThe First Initial in your name is the Foundation Letter. It indicates the most significant quality of your personality and the traits which make you unique in the eyes of other people.
Friday, August 21, 2009
A friend of mine recently complained that local weather forecasts here in San Francisco have been off all summer (they should just predict fog every day and they'll be spot-on, but enough of my sun-deprived blathering).
A better predictor might be this innovative Window Phone (not to be confused with the Windows phone). The translucent touch-screen device by designer Seunghan Song promises accurate weather predictions. But especially excellent is that it would simulate the current climate on its display with, say, a clear screen on a sunny day, virtual drops on a rainy day, and a frosty veneer when it snows.
You'll note from the photos that the concept phone doesn't have any keys; images show a user blowing on it to switch the phone into handwriting mode for dialing and messaging. The blowing could get tiresome pretty quick, and we have some other questions as well (will the battery obscure the sleek, transparent design? where will real-time, accurate data come from?). Overall, though, we think this is a very cool design--even on a hot day. More pics after the jump.
IN A presentation that was likened to pulling back the curtain to reveal the Wizard of Oz, former astronaut Sally Ride stood before a crowd several blocks from the White House last week and unveiled the consequences of years of NASA scrimping.
The US's mission to return to the moon, with flights scheduled to begin by 2020, will have to be put off to beyond 2028 if NASA is stuck with its current budget, Ride warned. And the agency's replacement for the 30-year-old space shuttle will not fly its first crew into space until almost three years after the planned retirement of the International Space Station (ISS) in 2016, when the outpost will be dismantled and its constituent pieces sent careening into the ocean.
"It will be difficult with the current budget to do anything that's terribly inspiring in human space flight," said committee chair Norman Augustine, previously CEO of Lockheed Martin.
NASA has ended up in this position through adhering to a vision set in 2004 by President George W. Bush, to take astronauts to far-flung destinations, beginning with a return to the moon.
To meet this goal, engineers have been working on two new vehicles to take humans into space - the Apollo-inspired Orion crew capsule and its launcher, the Ares I rocket, plus the Ares V heavy-lift rocket for cargo and lunar landers.
But while the agency has publicly stuck to the 2020 target, it has taken a series of financial hits. NASA has lost about $10 billion in total since Bush announced his vision, says Scott Pace, the director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University in Washington DC, who was not on the panel. That includes budget cuts and some $7.8 billion in unanticipated or underestimated costs the agency has absorbed, mainly for restoring the shuttle programme after the Columbia shuttle disaster and flying extra missions to complete the ISS.
Obama's first budget for the agency includes further cuts - a one-time hit of more than $3 billion, taken away from the agency's human space-flight programme from 2011 to 2013.
The president's budget came with a caveat that this cut could be undone depending on the outcome of the review. When the budget was released in February, "one of the things I said at the time is that if this [$3 billion loss] becomes permanent, it's over, there is no manned exploration programme," says Pace. "The programme was already operating very close to the edge."
If this $3 billion budget cut becomes permanent, it's over, there is no manned exploration programme
Now it seems that the $3 billion would not be enough anyway. The committee estimates NASA will need a much larger infusion, of about $50 billion over and above current projections in the next decade, to meet its targets.
What the committee has done, says John Logsdon, a space-policy analyst at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC, who was not on the review panel, "is make it clear we've been living an illusion"; that the US has been "talking about going somewhere, but not providing the resources to do it".
Pace also cautions that slowing NASA's plans too much could eventually derail the programme. "The architecture was designed in such a way that you can trade time for money, but only up to a point," he says. "If you keep pushing and stretching, not only do the costs [go] up, but the people evaporate."
The committee is expected to provide Obama with a range of options, including alternate vehicles as well as deep-space targets, such as nearby asteroids and the Lagrangian points of the Earth-sun system. Regardless of the destinations, or the rockets chosen to reach them, Logsdon says, if the US wants to go beyond low-Earth orbit, or extend the life of the ISS, then "more money has to be provided".
Editorial: No more small steps, let alone giant leaps?
Thursday, August 20, 2009
This equation was given to Stan during his first abduction experience. It came out when Stan was undergoing his first hypnotic regression in July, 2002. Included in the equation is a formula depicting a helium atom bombarding element 115., Element 115 at the time did not exist. It was years later when element 115 would be experimented with. Also included in the equation is a depiction of our solar system represented by ten dots and a circle. It wouldn't be until years later that scientists would discover a tenth planet in our solar system and name it, "Xenia" or "Planet X". At the end of Stan's writing is Drake's Equation, first devised by Dr. Frank Drake (now
Posted using ShareThis
Note: Since this article was first published, viewzone has received more information on "doomsday," including visual and scientific evidence that a solar "
ViewZone asked me to write a story about the Mayan Calendar. There is a common belief that the calendar holds a prophecy that the world will end in 2012. I knew very little about the whole topic when I began doing the research. I like to think I had an open mind. My investigation began with mainstream archaeology and expert interpretations of the calendar. But it soon took a turn that made my hair literally stand on end. I am now convinced that these prophecies are true.
To understand what is likely to happen to Earth and its people, you will need to remain calm and try to follow the facts. It's not as simple as some people describe. It requires an understanding of some fairly complicated science, but I think I can explain this in a way that you will easily understand.
The Calendar -- A Descrption
First, the Mayan calendar is also sometimes called the Aztec Calendar. This calendar is recorded as a carving on the Aztec "sun stone," currently on exhibit in the
Our modern calendar, called the Gregorian Calendar, has days, weeks, months and years. In the Mayan Calendar it's more complex. In fact, it's really three calendars at the same time.
First there's a religious calendar that takes 260 days to complete a full religious cycle. There are 20 "weeks" made up of 13 days. Each week has a special name, a graphic logo and unique meaning associated with it. This reminds me of the Chinese years which cycle through "the year of the rat" and "the
Next there is the solar calendar. This has 365 days, like our modern calendar. It's divided in 18 months of 20 days each. At the end of the cycle there's five special days considered to be unlucky because they don't belong to any month. Each of the months has a special name, graphic logo and some special significance, similar to the icons for the weeks in the religious calendar.
So it is possible, for any specific date, the calculate the religious week and the solar month and to predict the influences that might be guiding fate. But that's not really what's involved with the prophecy of 2012. To understand that we must look at the third calendar, called the long count.
While the first two cycles could be thought of as cogs or gears (see below) revolving through time, the long count is a linear number of days, starting from the first day, "1," and counting through each day to the present. Any day in history can be recorded using the long count and, with some simple mathematics, the corresponding religious week and solar month can also be found.
In writing this article, I thought about creating a
The days of the long count are numbered with an unusual system. Instead of writing numbers as we do, from right to left with each place being a multiple of 10 (i.e. 10000, 1000, 100, 10, 1), the Mayans had only 5 places.
The first place recorded a number from 0 to 20. To the left, the second place could have a range from 0 to 17; the third from 0 to 19; the fourth from 0 to 19 and the last from 0 to 12. The numbers were written from right to left, like our system, separated by a dot. Instead of multiples of 10, the first place had a multiple of 1 (like our system); the second place a multiple of 20; the third a multiple of 360; the fourth a multiple of 7200 and the fifth a multiple of 144000.
So a long count number, for example, could be written as 220.127.116.11.0 and would be calculated as follows:
(4 x 144000) + (12 x 7200) + (5 x 360) + (9 x 20) + (0 x 1) or a long count of 664,380.
It's not too difficult to realize that the maximum number which can be recorded this way would be 18.104.22.168.20, although some researchers like to write it as 22.214.171.124.0. This amounts to a long count number of 1,872,000 days or 5125.36 years of our modern calculations. Obviously, the calendar is very old!
Over the years, archaeologists have found carved monuments that recorded the long count for known dates in Mayan history. Once a date was fixed in time, it was easy to determine "day 1" as August 11th, 3114 BC. And it was also easy to calculate the date at which the calendar would end -- December 21st, 2012.
Trust me, just because the calendar ends doesn't prove that time, or the world, or life will end. We need to look carefully at December 21, 2012 and try to understand why the Mayans never calculated a date beyond this point in time. To do this we must move from Archaeology to the science of Astronomy and Astrophysics.
It's all about the Sun
It's ironic (or maybe not) that the Mayan Calendar is often called the "sun stone." While the calendar does have "solar" days, acknowledging the 365 days it takes for Earth to rotate around the Sun, it is also true that the Sun plays a key role in the final day of the "long count." To understand what will happen to the Sun on December 21, 2012, we need to review some scientific terms like "ecliptic," "barycenter," and "sunspots." These are important in the discussion that follows. We'll start with the most difficult one first.
What is the Barycenter?
You've no doubt heard that Earth revolves around the sun. Well, actually, that's not quite true!
But the center of gravity may or may not be the point that is exactly in the middle, distance-wise, of the object. Some parts of the object may be heavier (denser) than others. If you have something like a sledge hammer that is heavier on one end than the other, the center of gravity will be much closer to the heavy end than the lighter end.
To get an idea of where the center of gravity is, rest the ends of any object like the ruler or a pencil on one finger from each hand. Slowly move your fingers together without dropping the object. Your fingers will meet underneath the object's center of gravity. You can balance the object on one finger at that special place.
The actual center of gravity could be close to the surface or deep inside, depending on whether the object is flat like a ruler or a dinner plate, or "three-dimensional," like a box or a ball. And if you let the object spin (like when you throw it), it will try to spin about that point.
In the case of the Earth and the sun, both bodies actually revolve, or spin, around the very center of the mass (similar to center of gravity) between them. This point is called the "barycenter." Earth and the sun are "connected" by the gravity pulling them together. It's just like the light end and heavy end of the sledge hammer. Compared to the size of the sun, Earth is about like a flea on a cat! So the
In the case of a planet the size of
For now, let's forget all the small planets and focus on Jupiter. It makes one complete trip around the Sun every 11.861773 years. There's a new theory put forth by Dr. Rollin Gillespie which shows that Jupiter, and to a smaller degree the other less massive planets, may trigger the 11 year cycle of sunspots and solar flares.
Here's how it works.
The barycenter is not a single point in the Sun. Because the Sun is a rotating gaseous sphere, the barycenter forms a vertical, cylindrical "sleeve" that is partially inside and outside the main solar body. All of the planets have such a "sleeve," one inside the other, depending on their relative mass and the location of their barycenters. The particular sleeve representing the mass of Jupiter intersects the solar surface at 35.9 degrees North and South. This is precisely where sunspot and flare activity begin and end during each 11 year cycle.
The new cycle has already begun with the recent observation of a solar spot with reverse polarity. But some surprising activity on March 27, 2008, showed some huge eruptions with M-class radiation at about the equatorial region of the Sun. [ See Solar Map]. These surprising eruptions suggests a barycenter of disturbance from an object even more massive than Jupiter, placing the "sleeve" outside the Sun. Could this be the beginning of the Galaxy's effects (keep reading to learn more about this) on our Sun?
Scientists have noted that when Jupiter and Saturn are aligned on the same side of the Sun, the solar maximum (the period when we have the most sunspots and flares) is at its weakest; when they are on opposite sides of the Sun the solar maximum is at its strongest. The positions of these two planets on December 21, 2012 are ideal for extreme solar activity.
Above: Position of Jupiter and Saturn on 12/21/2012.
These cylinders are usually quite orderly because the planets adhere to a narrow plane, called the ecliptic which resembles a thin plate extending from the equator of the Sun. The planets hang out here because (in simple terms) this is the zone where the gravitation of the system is the strongest. (see below)
The planets orbit the Sun in a narrow plane called the ecliptic.
The last solar cycle was at its maximum in 2001. Each active solar cycle has a period when the flares are strongest, usually happening near the solar equator, called the "solar maximum." This is significant because the next "solar maximum" event will coincide with December 21, 2012. But wait -- there's much more!
Solar flares are pieces of the sun which leap into space, discharging radiation and strong electrical currents that travel outward into space. They often fall back to the surface of the Sun. Sometimes, a very strong flare, called a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME), actually leaves the Sun and this deadly mass shoots out from the Sun towards the planets like a bullet. Usually these CME's don't hit anything but occasionally they hit a planet like Earth. Some believe a powerful CME once hit Mars.
Most solar flares are small. But even a small flare can be dangerous. In 1989 a flare hit the North American continent and fried electric lines, zapped power grids in the US and Canada, and created large power backouts. Flares can also effect our moods and physical health. In theory, a large flare impacting the Earth could zap the ionosphere (there goes all the satellites, cellphones, GPS...) and irradiate the surface, killing every living organism that it touched.
Solar flares and sun spots have an average cycle of 11.120412 years (estimated from one "solar maximum" to the next). Right now, 2009, we are just entering the active period of cycle number 24, after an unusually long period of quiet solar activity. This quiet period led some people at NASA to conclude that cycle 24 would be a very quiet cycle -- contradicting the earlier predictions they made for an extremely violent cycle. Now they have redacted their call for a quiet cycle since the activity has again commenced. The scientists who study the Sun have also recently announced that they have measured the solar currents, deep inside the Sun, which correspond the Dr. Gillespie's barycenter currents. But to date they have not been able to agree what causes these deep currents of solar material.
The small discrepancy between the average 11.120412 year solar cycle and the 11.861773 year period of
The Galactic Alignment of December 21, 2012
The Perfect Storm
Our solar system is part of a huge disc shaped collection of stars and planets called the Milky Way. We're located somewhere on the edge of the disc, slightly on top of the narrow disc. But very soon we'll be moving to the bottom of the disc. This change, from top to bottom, begins on December 21, 2012.
Yes, that's right. On the same day when our Sun is at it's solar maximum, something will happen that's never happened for thousands of eons of time -- the ecliptic of our solar system will intersect with the Galactic plane, called the "Galactic Equator" of the Milky Way! [see star chart].
If you imagine our solar system as a bunch of peas on a plate, with a huge meatball in the center, imagine the Milky Way as a city-size pizza with the "Guiness
Prior to December 2012 we have been drifting on the top of the pizza, never really able to see the bottom. The plate and pizza are not parallel. They are moving at different angles. We've been drifting down, down, down... and on December 21st, 2012, we will be exactly level with the crust -- forming an "x" at the Galactic Equator where galactic gravity is the strongest. After 2012, if we are still here, we will be passing through the bottom zone, viewing the Milky Way pizza from the South.
Yes, there's even more!
By some amazing coincidence, not only will we be intersecting with the Galactic Equator, but we will be doing this precisely aligned with the center of the Galaxy where there is maximum mass! More mass means more gravity. More gravity means more influence from those barycenters in our Sun. That means exponential increases in solar disruptions -- all coinciding on the same day! Whew!
[Above: The Hercules Cluster of galaxies. This group of galaxies is held together by the gravitational attraction or "pull" of each individual galaxy on the others in the group. This demonstrates the enormous gravity contained in a galaxy, such as our own Milky Way.]
An apology and acknowledgement
OK. This has been a "light weight" description of what's going to happen. It has been simplified to the point where some scholars and scientists could argue about my presentation. But the main facts are true. The date, December 21, 2012, is a special day. It represents the maximum possible influences for solar flares that the universe can provide. Undoubtedly the Mayans, or the civilization that influenced them, somehow knew about these things.
Over the last decade, I have written a variety of stories about such things as underground cities and government actions that could only make sense if there were no future. I cannot help but think that maybe they, like the Mayans, know about these things. I'd specifically like to suggest that readers take another look at the underground complex at Yamantau that the Russians are building. Could this be a haven for surviving a solar blast? And the "doomsday seed bank" that's being filled deep inside an Arctic island. And what about past events? Did the Hopi go underground to survive a similar event thousands of years earlier? Should we be going underground also?
It's also important to stress that December 21, 2012 is only the "solar maximum" but that the gravitational effects of the Galaxy have already started to assert their influence on the Sun. The drift towards alignment with the galactic equator is relatively slow and, in truth, has already started. But the precise culmination of this, plus the alignment of Jupiter and Saturn all make 12/21/12 an onimous date.
I especially want to thank Dr. Rollin Gillespie, a man with whom I corresponded for ten years and who first developed the idea that planetary multi-body systems could be at play in the causation of solar flares. More of his work can be read on a special page on Viewzone. I would also direct your attention to the following two news reports of the discovery of
Please let's have your input on this important issue. It's only three years away. Who knows, perhaps the influences of these disruptions will begin well before the solar and Galactic maximum is reached. We may not have that much time left. Here are some additional links to stories that may help understand the possibilities facing our planet and us.
what was it like?
Since I wrote the doomsday article I have received lots of e-mails, mostly asking me if it is really true and what they should do.
I know I had a difficult time coping with this topic, both emotionally and spiritually. I can't say that I have perfected the right "attitude" about what the future holds. To be honest, I think I always held back from accepting the facts. I had hope. But this new evidence forces me to open my eyes and soul to setting my life in order. I hope it will do the same for you.
Although "doomsday" is frequently linked with the Mayan calendar, this is just coincidental. December 12, 2012 is a significant day in astronomy because of a number of important events that will impact our Sun. It would be a "doomsday" even if we never knew about the Mayan calendar. Yet, the more we understand this ancient civilization and appreciate their knowledge of astronomy, we must assume they knew this date to be auspicious. So let's just talk about astronomy here. There's a lot of information. I'll try to make it easy to understand.
Glazed donuts on the Moon
Let's begin back in the 1960s with the Apollo 11 manned landing on the moon. On one of their EVA's (extra-vehicular aqtivities), the astronauts photographed and took samples from some small craters, about 20cm to 1.5 meters across. When they examined the floors of these craters they noticed what looked like glazed donuts. These were actually chunks of moon dirt that were coated by glass.
Hardly anyone in the general public was made aware of this discovery and, even if they were, thay could hardly have realized the significance.
But in 1969, an article in Science by T. Gold  proposed a theory of how they were made. Glass, as we know, is made from melting sand. It occurs natually near sources of high temperature, such as volcanos and meteor impacts. The atom bomb tests in New
The fact that the glaze was confined to small patches, 0.5 to 10mm, suggested to scientists that the surface had been zapped rather than slow-cooked. And the likely source of this zap was our Sun. Gold estimated that the
Also, because of the lack of debris or dirt covering this glass, it must have occurred within the last 30,000 years. This made Gold propose that the Sun -- our Sun -- does this every 10,000 years or more. He suggested that future research should look for a "trigger" event -- possibly a large comet or asteroid impacting the surface of the Sun. He estimated this would only have to be 100 km and weigh 3 x 1021 grams.
Decades passed and this theory didn't receive much attention. Then, as it often does, the theory got a fresh look by a genius, Dr. Paul LaViolette. He was not satisfied with the source of the glass being caused by a solar blast, mainly because the output would have had to be on the scale of a nova, not just a flare. He envisioned another possibility.
LaViolette envisioned a large solar flare or coronal mass ejection (CME) that would become magnetically entrapped in the Earth's magnetosphere . The magnetosphere would then hold on to this fireball of radiation like a magnetic thermos bottle, allowing the Moon and Earth to be exposed for a duration of time long enough to really "flash bake" their surfaces.
Critics quickly denounced LaViolette's theory citing evidence of "cosmic dust" and rare elements in the lunar glass and concluding that the heat source was from a meteor impact. 
But LaViolette proposed that this cosmic dust was likely present on the surface of the Moon during the time it was melted into the glass. In fact, he proposed that the entire solar system was full of this cosmic dust at the time of this solar eruption. He was vindicated when polar ice cores showed unusual cosmic dust deposits at srata marking the end of the last ice age . This time period, about 12,950 BCE, approximates the current age of the Moon glass. So where did all this cosmic dust come from?
Like Earth, our entire solar system has its own atmosphere, called the heliopause. This "bubble" surrounds the Sun and planets as it travels through galactic space. Like our earth's magnetosphere, the movement of the heliopause creates a rounded "head" and a narrowing "tail." Actually, it's more egg shaped (see above). Until recently, astronomers believed that our solar system was a region relatively free from cosmic dust. The cosmic dust and frozen material of space were kept outside this protective bubble.
This was confirmed when the IRAS and
So if the cosmic dust is surrounding the heliopause, what would make it suddenly enter the heliopause and how would this coincide with huge solar flares? LaViolette envisioned something disrupting the heliopause from the outside, impacting it and drawing cosmic dust inside with it and energizing the Sun. The energy of such an impact would be immense. The most logical place to look for such enormous energy was the
The smoking gun
Examining the shape of the cosmic dust clouds, the IRAS satellite team reported that the cloud was tilted relative to the solar system's ecliptic -- the narrow plane containing our planets. LaViolette realized that this odd alignment tracked back to the Galactic center. This was quickly verified by NASA's Ulysses spacecraft and New
Astronomers have known about intense radiation from space since the 1970s. Multiple bursts of powerful
A review of other bursts showed that their assumptions had been wrong. All of the gamma ray bursts they were observing were from other galaxies far, far away. The amount of energy coming from objects so distant was a real shock. No one had ever imagined such powerful bursts could be generated by galactic centers. The thought of a burst coming from our own Milky Way galactic center was abysmal. A burst of the same intensity as the 1997 event, originating from inside the Milky Way, would deliver 100,000 time the lethal dose of radiation, killing every life form that was exposed. Could that really happen to us?
This question was answered on August 27th, 1998 when an unusual 5 minute gamma ray pulse was located just 20,000 light years away in the constellation of Aquila. This may sound like a huge distance, but to astronomers this is just "next door." The Milky Way Galaxy, for example, is just 100,000 light years from end to end.
The 1998 event was close enough and strong enough to ionize Earth's upper atmosphere, damage a couple of spacecraft and disrupt global communication. Since then astronomers place gamma ray bursts from the Glaxy's core at the top of the list of things we don't want to happen.
Before Aquila, scientists just feared exploding stars -- novas and supernovas. Now things are different. It's like living in a ghetto and fearing drive-by shootings and random bullets. Then one day you learn that there's a nuclear bomb down the street, waiting to explode.
Not in my galaxy!
Ironically, all of these facts are incorporated in LaViolette's "superwave" theory. He concludes that there are cyclical and frequent explosions from the Galaxy's core. These waves of radiation advance outward to the edges of the Galaxy, impacting everything and causing stars to erupt in their path. He believes this is what has happened many times to our own solar system -- the most recent superwave of radiation being 14,950 years ago. He envisions the shock wave -- or superwave -- dragging cosmic dust along with it as it enters the heliopause and energizes our Sun.
Ice core samples support this view. Evidence of the effects from cosmic dust show at ice core strata corresponding to the years 11,880 to 11,785 BCE*. This evidence, along with the Moon glass, the presence of cosmic dust and the abrupt and atypical end of the last ice age -- all point to an intimate relationship between extreme solar activity and gama radiation from the Milky Way Galaxy's center. [* These dates have been updated following more precise research from Dr. LaViolette.]
Something has changed
More troubling is the suggestion by some scientists that this powerful radiation may not require a dramatic burst or explosion to cause eruptions in the Sun. Physicists at nearly a dozen research institutions, including
The gamma rays had a median energy of 3.5 trillion electron-volts, or 3500 times the mass-energy of a proton. Previous satellite experiments have seen gamma-ray emissions along the galactic equator reaching up to energies of only 30 billion electron-volts.
Perhaps related to this is the puzzling fact that, even though we have witnessed no Galactic explosions or "bursts", the measurements of cosmic dust streaming inside the heliopause as been steadily increasing  to almost three times since the last solar maximum in 2001.
During the solar maximum of each 11 year cycle, the polarity of the Sun shifts -- North becomes South and visa versa. This brief period of magnetic instability allows some cosmic dust to enter the heliopause because the Sun's "shields" are reduced. But once the new polarity is established, the Sun usually quickly blocks the dust. This time it didn't happen. Cosmic dust has been streaming in from the Glactic center and astronomers are at aloss to explain why.
It's likely that the solar system is already experiencing the invasive energy from the Galactic equator as we move into position and align with it on 2012.
Yes, there's more!
What will it be like when this happens to us? Perhaps the most dramatic evidence of what we can expect in 2012 comes from the most unlikely place -- ancient petroglyphs! Ancient rock carvings from around the globe, created during the last solar "zap" 14,950 years ago, seem to illustrate a spectacular event that happened when the Earth was last hit by extremely high radiation. This is a little difficult to explain, but I'll try.
Viewed from the top, the aurora actually forms a luminous and electrically charged cup (or chalice) shape extending into space from each pole.
We are all familiar with the sparks that flash brightly when we discharge electrical current. Lightening is a good example. Extremely high energy, called plasma, has been shown to form unique shapes when it is made to discharge -- especially around a sphere. The northern lights are an example of how this "spark" of plasma can form luminous, electrically charged sheets or tubes at the Earth's poles. The aurora, as it is called, occurs when mild energy from our Sun is trapped and dissipated by the Earth's magnetic poles.
Extremely high energy -- the type that would have caused the Moon glass and zapped the Earth -- creates a more elaborate discharge. Physicists call it a z-pinch formation. The z-pinch has been extensively researched by a group headed by Anthony L. Peratt with the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM and is described in his paper, Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source. In this paper, Dr. Peratt illustrates the shape and characteristics of this high energy discharge on the Earth and shows thousands of petroglyph sites all over the globe where this z-pinch was observed and recorded in ancient carvings.
The term z-pinch originates from experiments where physicists made extremely high current to flow through thin wires that were arranged vertically in a tubular formation. They noticed that the energy quickly vaporized the wires, but the magnetic field generated by these paths remained and contained (or "pinched") the stream of energy, collapsing the streams of energy toward the center of the tube-like configuration -- called the z-axis. When the streams of energy converge, they form unique shapes that persist and can be observed as Birkeland elements, named for their discoverer.
[Above (left): Virtual image of the intense auroral plasma column as viewed at an angle of inclination, not to scale. Above (right): Conceptual view of the Birkeland sheath filaments surrounding Earth (28 close pairs). The relativistic electron flow is downwards toward
If the Earth was zapped by high energy radiation, either from the Sun or the Galactic core, the planet would be surrounded with distinct lines of energy, converging at the North and South pole. These bands would continue to extend well out from the planet's poles and into space and would be visible from almost every point on Earth -- each with its own unique perspective.
Laboratory experiments whith a metal sphere, representing Earth, show the "chalice" shape created by high energy paths [above]. Oddly, repeated experiments show a preference for 56 "rays" or distinct bands of energy. This same number is often depicted in the ancient petroglyphs!
[Above (left): Northern hemisphere petroglyphs from the
Recent global archiving of global petroglyphs have demonstrated that these shapes were correctly recorded in rock carvings by humans who withnessed this event!
[Above (left): White-striped pictographs at Iga Warta
When researchers went to various petroglyph sites that contained the z-pinch artifacts they carefully plotted the GPS location and noted if the ancient artist had a clear view of the Southern horizon. Almost all of the sites had this view. The number and extent of these global petroglyph sites clearly demonstrate the purpose of this art. Also, depending on the latitude, depictions of the z-pinch corresponded to the exact perspective that would have been expected.
Some examples of z-pinch petroglyphs are shown here. We highly recommend reading the complete article. We especially thank team member, John McGovern, for bringing this important work to our attention.
So what do we know for sure?
The recent data shows that dramatic and potentially deadly effects can result from solar flares and coronal mass ejections. Substantial data suggests that an event, similar to the one anticipated in the 2012 "doomsday" scenario, occurred about 14,950 years ago and was recorded by ancient humans. This event appears to have lasted for several years in duration and was responsible for the abrupt end of the last ice age as well as a substantial culling of the human population.
The surprising findings of LaViolette, supported by other research, suggests that the extreme solar event corresponded to powerful radiation coming from the center of the
The fact that galactic centers routinely radiate lethal gamma rays makes it unlikely that life, at least as we understand it, can survive in the universe. Sooner or later it is destined to be zapped.
A new genetic study of Y-chromosome variation by Dr. Marcus Feldman of Stanford University shows that the population from which the world's present population is derived consisted of about 2,000 individuals. Somehow, humans, flora and fauna did survive the past doomsday and some may yet survive past 2012. Indeed, many of the ancient prophecies I have encountered in my travels around the world have spoken of a "bright light" or "flash" followed by the "good seed" (i.e. humanity) which would rise up and repopulate the world.
Organisms on Earth, including humans, have evolved during quiet times -- between the lethal blasts from our own Milky Way center. This means that we are indeed quite unique (and lucky). But it also means that our ultimate demise is part of the natural order. This universe is larger than ourselves and our lives. We are just transient phenomena, seemingly running counter to the laws of entropy, yet a part of the cosmic reality. This is neither good or bad. It simply is.
And yet there is part of us that may continue. This hope is what we must hold on to. Tell me what you think.
 Gold, T. "Apollo II Observations of a Remarkable Glazing Phenomenon on the Lunar Surface." Science 165 (1969):1345.
 Excerpt from Paul LaViolette's 1983 Ph.D. dissertation, "Galactic Explosions, Cosmic Dust Invasions, and Climate Change."
 Morgan, Laul, Ganapathy, and Anders (1971 Morgan, J. W., Laul, J. C., Ganapathy, R., and Anders, E. "Glazed Lunar Rocks: Origin by Impact." Science 172(1971):556
 Zook, H. A., Hartung, J. B., and Storzer, D. "Solar Flare Activity: Evidence for Large Scale Changes in the Past." Icarus 32(1977):106
Anthony L. Peratt, Fellow, IEEE, John McGovern, Alfred H. Qoyawayma, Life Member, IEEE, Marinus Anthony Van der Sluijs, and Mathias G. Peratt, Member, IEEE, "Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 35, NO. 4, August 2007.
 Markus Landgraf, Max Plank Institute.
 Source of information: http://www.viewzone.com
Here are some other articles on this subject that you will find very interesting:
We're Not From
Will the Mayan Prophecy Really Happen? - an interesting view from Gene Matlock.
Sidereal Time and ESP -- exploring the psychic connection of our Galaxy's center.
Physicists Find Evidence For Highest Energy Photons Ever Detected From Milky Way's Equator
(ScienceDaily) - Physicists at nearly a dozen research institutions, including
Gamma rays are considered by scientists to be the best probe of
The research team, which includes nearly 40 physicists, reported that Milagro, positioned at an altitude of 8600 feet in the Jemez Mountains, detected a signal along the galactic equator region and interpreted it as arising from gamma rays with a median energy of 3.5 trillion electron-volts, or 3500 times the mass-energy of a proton. Previous satellite experiments have seen gamma-ray emissions along the galactic equator reaching up to energies of only 30 billion electron-volts.
These emissions are understood to be produced by interactions of cosmic-ray particles with the abundant interstellar medium near the galactic equator. Previously, some researchers had speculated that additional mechanisms were needed to explain the large number of particles observed at high energies. However, the measurements by Milagro can be understood by assuming a cosmic ray energy spectrum near the galactic center similar to that in the solar system and the standard properties of particle interactions.
The results presented in the Physical Review of Letters paper were gathered over a three-year period, beginning in July 2000. --end
IMPORTANT UPDATE: January 2009:
Scientists have found two large leaks in Earth's magnetosphere, the region around our planet that shields us from severe solar storms.
The leaks are defying many of scientists' previous ideas on how the interaction between Earth's magnetosphere and solar wind occurs: The leaks are in an unexpected location, let in solar particles in faster than expected and the whole interaction works in a manner that is completely the opposite of what scientists had thought.
The findings have implications for how solar storms affect the our planet. Serious storms, which involved charged particles spewing from the sun, can disable satellites and even disrupt power grids on Earth.
The bottom line: When the next peak of solar activity comes, in about 4 years, electrical systems on Earth and satellites in space may be more vulnerable.
How it works
Earth's magnetic field carves out a cavity in the sun's onrushing field. The Earth's magnetosphere is thus "buffeted like a wind sock in gale force winds, fluttering back and forth in the" solar wind, Sibeck explained.
Both the sun's magnetic field and the Earth's magnetic field can be oriented northward or southward (Earth's magnetic field is often described as a giant bar magnet in space).
The sun's magnetic field shifts its orientation frequently, sometimes becoming aligned with the Earth, sometime becoming anti-aligned.
Scientists had thought that more solar particles entered Earth's magnetosphere when the sun's field was oriented southward (anti-aligned to the Earth's), but the opposite turned out to be the case, the new research shows.
The work was sponsored by NASA and the National Science Foundation and based on observations by NASA's
How many and where
Essentially, the Earth's magnetic shield is at its strongest when scientists had thought it would be at its weakest.
When the fields aren't aligned, "the shield is up and very few particles come in," said physicist Jimmy Raeder of the
Conversely, when the fields are aligned, it creates "a huge breach, and there's lots and lots of particles coming in," Raeder added, at the news conference.
As it orbited Earth, THEMIS's five spacecraft were able to estimate the thickness of the band of solar particles coming when the fields were aligned — it turned out to be about 20 times the number that got in when the fields were anti-aligned.
THEMIS was able to make these measurements as it moved through the band, with two spacecraft on different borders of the band; the band turned out to be one Earth radius thick, or about 4,000 miles (6,437 kilometers).
Measurements of the thickness taken later showed that the band was also rapidly growing.
"So this really changes our understanding of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling," said physicist Marit Oieroset of the
And while the interaction of anti-aligned particles occurs at Earth's equator, those of aligned particles occur at higher latitudes both north and south of the equator.
The interaction is "appending blobs of plasma onto the Earth's magnetic field," which is an easy way to get the solar particles in, said Sibeck, a THEMIS project scientist.
Next solar cycle
This finding not only has implications for scientists' understanding of the interaction between the sun and Earth's magnetosphere, but for predicting the effects to Earth during the next peak in the solar cycle.
The Sun operates on an 11-year cycle, alternating between active and quiet periods. We are currently in a quiet period, with few sunspots on the sun's surface and fewer solar flares, though the next cycle of activity has begun.
It is expected to peak around 2012, bringing lots of sunspots, flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). CMEs can interact with the Earth's magnetosphere, causing problems for satellites, communications, and power grids.
This upcoming active period now looks like it will be more intense than the previous one, which peaked around 2006, some scientists think. The reason is the changes in the sun's alignment.
During the last peak, solar fields hitting the Earth were first anti-aligned then aligned. Anti-aligned fields can energize particles, but in this case, the energy came before the particles themselves, which doesn't create much of a fuss in terms of geomagnetic storms and disruptions.
But the next cycle will see aligned, then anti-aligned fields, in theory amplifying the effects of the storms as they hit.
Raeder likens the difference to igniting a gas stove one of two ways: In the first way, the gas is turned on and the stove is lit and you get a flame.
In the other way, you let the gas run for awhile, so that when you add the gas you get a much bigger boom.
"It should be that we're in for a tough time in the next 11 years," Sibeck said.
What makes 2012 significant is that it coincides with the alignment of the center of the
It looks like this gravitational cosmic tsunami could cause the sun to scorch the earth. That means that the only immediate survivors would be people in the underground cities, caves, and submarines. However, even these people may not survive too long because such an event ( gravitational surges ) might bring onearth quakes and volcanic activity, flooding, and the such. These events might collapse underground cities and caves. Huge tidal floods might flood subways on the eastern seaboard.
However, if just a few did manage to survive. They would not be able to come out of their underground dwellings for some time, because the earth's protective magnetic shield may be gone.
If the upper atmosphere and the earth's atmosphere was able to repair itself say in even a short period of time of one year, the survivors would face a barren world. All surface vegetation and animal life will have been destroyed. The surface of earth might perhaps look like a barren planet. The only possible source of food for those few survivors might be the ocean.
Plankton is the basic building block of life for many living organisms in the ocean. Plankton is the biggest generator of oxygen on the planet. With plankton gone and the forest gone, what is going to provide and create oxygen for the planet?
It doesn't look good for the few that survive 2012. It may very well be the
Magnetic Somersaults - Other possibilities on December 21, 2012:
In the first quarter of 2001, the Sun switched magnetic poles. This occurs every eleven years. Prior to this the Sun's north magnetic pole was at the north rotational pole. Now the Sun's north magnetic pole is at its south pole. Since opposite poles attract, the magnetic poles of the Earth and Sun are now at their most stable.
Just about the time of 2012 Winter Solstice, the Sun's poles will switch back. During this switch there will be a tendency for the Sun's magnetic field to pull the Earth's field with it.