Monday, September 28, 2009

We'll be immortal in 20 years, says Kurzweil

by  Chris Matyszczyk

I want to live forever. I want to learn how to fly. High. I feel it coming together.

And, thankfully, so does celebrated large brain and, who knows, maybe "Kids from Fame" aficionado Ray Kurzweil.

In an article reported by the Telegraph, Kurzweil says that our technological and genetic know-how is marching at such a furious pace that in 20 years' time we should be holding in our sweaty, excitable hands the nanotechnological secrets of our existence.

This charmingly optimistic view is but another string hanging from the nano-forecasting bow he's been wearing for years, along with his rather singular vision of the way men and machines will cohabit happily ever after.

Extraordinary nanotechnological secrets should allow us, according to Kurzweil, to replace our kidneys, livers, hearts and, hey, what about minds, with functioning vital organs made by human hands.

They say Kurzweil is 61. He doesn't look a day over 43 to me.
(Credit: Null0/Flickr)

Kurzweil's contemplations, first published in The Sun, offer us these vast nuggets of hope: "I and many other scientists now believe that in around 20 years we will have the means to reprogram our bodies' stone-age software so we can halt, then reverse, aging. Then nanotechnology will let us live for ever."

Yes, you can be 28 again. You can drink yourself stupid and let those nano-nano folks just slip you a new liver. You can have sex, drugs, and rock and roll, and still be able to perform Whitney Houston karaoke better than Whitney herself can these days.

"If we want to go into virtual-reality mode, nanobots will shut down brain signals and take us wherever we want to go," said Kurzweil. "Virtual sex will become commonplace. And in our daily lives, hologram-like figures will pop in our brain to explain what is happening."

One can only hope those hologram-like figures don't resemble the chaps from Google too closely.

And I am not entirely sure I am persuaded by the concept of virtual sex. Perhaps worse would be the concept of some Googleperson-like hologram talking one through virtual sex. And whispering to one after it.

Still, Kurzweil's passionate certainty offers us all hope for a very different future from the one we might have imagined.

I can't wait. No, really. I can't.




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Sunday, September 27, 2009

Why do we need dark energy to explain the observable universe? Two mathematicians propose an alternate solution that, while beautiful, may raise even more questions than it answers.

Wide Angle / by Veronique Greenwood /
An alternative theory eliminates dark energy by placing Earth at the center of expansion


Expanding Universe What dark materials lie behind universal expansion? Maybe none NASA
Against all reason, the universe is accelerating its expansion. When two prominent research teams dropped this bombshell in 1998, cosmologists had to revise their models of the universe to include an enormous and deeply mysterious placeholder they called “dark energy.” For dark energy to explain the accelerating expansion, it had to constitute more than 70 percent of the universe. It joined another placeholder, “dark matter,” constituting 20 percent, in overshadowing the meager 4 percent that make up everything else—things like stars, planets, and people.

That a huge fraction of the universe could be composed of this enigmatic stuff was unnerving, to say the least. But what was most disturbing to cosmologists was that the discovery required adding a term to Einstein’s equations of general relativity. These equations were derived from pure mathematics and had already beautifully predicted the expansion of the universe, discovered by Edwin Hubble in 1929. To many, even those who accepted its usefulness in explaining the data, dark energy was an inelegant addition. Over the last decade, some researchers have been working to describe what dark energy might be, but others have gone back to see if the equations of general relativity can be tweaked to avoid having to use such a troublesome piece of math.

Building from the Einstein equations, mathematicians Blake Temple and Joel Smoller have now found a way to explain the observations that led researchers to propose dark energy. If their solution, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, fits the data, it could provide a way out of the unpalatable notion of a dark-energy-dominated universe.

The concept of dark energy—which is simply that a phenomenal amount of energy exists in the vacuum of space—emerged from a discrepancy between how far away supernovae were supposed to be and how bright they appeared. In the 1990s, two teams, one led by cosmologists at the Lawrence National Labs (LBNL) and the other by Australia’s Mount Stromlo Observatory, were in the midst of a massive survey of Type Ia supernovae. Measuring the brightness of these huge stellar explosions lets scientists deduce how much the universe has expanded since the light began its journey.

The two teams were hoping to observe that the brightness of the supernovae, which grows increasingly dim the farther they are from Earth, would plateau at the farthest edge of the observable universe. This would reflect the theory that the universe’s expansion was slowing down due to the gravitational pull of matter. But what they observed was the exact opposite. In fact, the supernovae were receding at a rate that would only be possible in a universe with no matter at all. After considering and ultimately rejecting alternative explanations for the dimming, both teams came to the same conclusion: The supernovae were dim because they were being pushed away by a wave of universal, accelerating expansion. And that could only happen if a huge amount of energy was counteracting the force of gravity. Thus, dark energy was conceived.

To Temple and Smoller, mathematicians at the University of California–Davis and the University of Michigan, respectively, dark energy seemed an ad hoc addition to cosmology. While performing mathematical research on shockwaves, Temple and Smoller realized that an expanding wave with its epicenter near the Earth could produce the dimming effects the two teams had observed. The two started talking to astrophysicists and other mathematicians to flesh out the idea. What they discovered was as utterly unexpected to them as dark energy was to cosmologists: An accelerating wave of expansion following the Big Bang could push what later became matter out across the universe, spreading galaxies farther apart the more distant they got from the wave’s center. If this did happen, it would account for the fact that supernovae were dim—they were in fact shoved far away at the very beginning of the universe. But this would’ve been an isolated event, not a constant accelerating force. Their explanation of the 1998 observations does away with the need for dark energy.

The theory is attractive because it describes the effect astronomers observed using only general relativity. It also provides a mechanism for a scenario that’s been discussed in cosmology for some time, the “bubble of underdensity”—the idea that the Earth might be in an area with a low mass density compared to the rest of the universe, which would account for the distance of the supernovae. And Smoller and Temple say that once they have worked out a further version of their solutions, they should have a testable prediction that they can use to see if the theory fits observations.

But as an explanation to replace dark energy, there are at least two serious problems with Temple and Smoller’s wave of expansion, cosmologists say. One is that the supernovae are not the only clues we have that indicate dark energy is real; various characteristics of the cosmic microwave background (the “afterglow” of the big bang, produced when the universe was extremely young) also suggest the presence of dark energy, says Philip Hughes, an astrophysicist at University of Michigan who worked with Temple and Smoller while they were developing their hypothesis. Simulations of the growth of the universe reflect our observations with breathtaking fidelity when dark energy is included, adds Michael Wood-Vasey, a cosmologist at University of Pittsburgh who studied at LBNL. As ad hoc as dark energy may be, it nevertheless reflects reality.

But perhaps the largest objection voiced is that this model would require Earth to be at the center of the universe. In other words, it would violate the Copernican principle, which states that the Earth does not have a special, favored place and that the universe is essentially homogeneous.

Smoller and Temple readily acknowledge this issue. “If you want to preserve the Copernican principle and explain anomalous acceleration, you have to use dark energy,”
Smoller says. “But it is not a law of physics—it’s just a simplifier.” Galaxies and stars are accepted violations of the Copernican principle, of universal homogeneity, on a very local scale. After all, a point where a star has formed is not homogenous with the empty space surrounding it. They argue that their expanding wave could be a similarly legitimate violation on a larger scale. Hughes points out, however, that surveys have found the universe to be homogenous even above the level of our cluster of galaxies. And beyond the empirical level, violations of the Copernican principle make cosmologists uneasy. “It’s very philosophically disconcerting,” Wood-Vasey says. “It’s not very satisfying.”

More than anything, an aesthetic sense of what’s natural or elegant seems to divide the mathematicians and cosmologists. Temple and Smoller emphasize that acceleration comes naturally from their equations, with no need for extra factors. The addition of dark energy is, in the words of Jim Glimm, former president of the American Mathematical Society, “a little bit ugly.” But Wood-Vasey and other cosmologists balk at a theory that arises purely from equations instead of observations. “We all want a fundamentally deeper, more beautiful explanation,” he says, a simple rule that explains a variety of observations. “Dark energy isn’t satisfying because we don’t know what it is,” he concedes. But it manages to bring our models of the universe in accord with our observations, not an insignificant feat, and not devoid of beauty in its own right.

Some cosmologists are dismissive of Smoller and Temple’s theory: “It’s a piece of mathematics,” says Arizona State’s Lawrence Krauss. “I think that these mathematicians might have chosen the beautiful over the true.” But Hughes, who calls it “a tour de force of mathematical analysis,” argues that though it presents a radical philosophical shift, the wave theory could nevertheless be useful to cosmologists.
“The concept of ‘dark energy’ is a way of parameterizing our ignorance,” he said in an email. “Given our shaky understanding of the physics behind it, I would hope that people are open-minded enough to see what might be learned from this work. We have for practical purposes no understanding of ‘dark energy’; there isn’t even a glimmer of consensus.”

While the debate continues on Earth, NASA’s Joint Dark Energy Mission, headed by the LBNL cosmologists, is planning a space telescope to gather more detailed data than ever before about what dark energy might be. As the mathematicians work towards testing their theory, a process that might need JDEM data, the project moves slowly through conceptual shifts, funding cuts, and changing timelines. The launch date, as of now, is 2016.

Source

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Newly Discovered Carnivorous Jungle Plant Gobbles Rats Whole

Nepenthes attenboroughii - They need to start growing these in the NYC subways via Stewart McPherson
Deep in the jungle primeval, Nepenthes attenboroughii awaits its furry prey. But N. attenboroughii isn't a stealthy cat or poisonous lizard. It's a plant, and it eats rats.
Scientists recently discovered this new species of pitcher plant on the verdant face of Mount Victoria in the Philippines. It is the largest carnivorous plant ever discovered, and has been named after the famous naturalist and TV personality Sir David Attenborough.
Meat-eating pitcher plants were first described by science in the time of Linnaeus, but the previously discovered Nepenthes species stuck to small prey like insects and spiders -- if an unlucky mouse or bird became a meal, that was a rare treat. But the giant N. attenboroughii is a vertebrate specialist.
The plant lures in the rats with the promise of sweet nectar. When the rat leans into the plant to drink the saccharine liquid, it slips on the pitcher's waxy interior, and gets stuck in the gooey sap. Once it is trapped, acid-like digestive enzymes break down the still-living rodent.
To better explain the whole process, as well as the life cycle of pitcher plants, here's a video narrated by none other than N. attenboroughii's namesake, David Attenborough himself.

[via The Telegraph]

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Saturday, September 26, 2009

Solar Tent Charges Your Phone, Glows So You Can Find It

At last, the Internet comes to the wilderness
By John Brandon



The problem with the great outdoors has always been the lack of full mobile connectivity, electric lighting, and a power source for your laptop. The Orange Solar Concept Tent, which will debut in the UK starting today, in time for the Glastonbury rock festival, tackles these critical problems. The tent uses "solar threads" woven into the fabric to collect energy. The inhabitants can adjust the tent's movable panels to capture the best angle on the sun throughout the day. Inside the tent, a display shows how much solar energy the tent has captured throughout the day and how much energy is currently stored.
Orange is one of the most well-known wireless carriers in the UK, so naturally the tent includes a few extra features related to going mobile during the day, while the pod charges. "Glo-cation" technology allows you to send an SMS message to the tent, causing it to glow so it's easy to find. (The tent also supports active RFID tags to accomplish the same goal.) While you sleep, you can charge your phone in a pouch that uses magnetic induction over a wireless signal, without any power cables.
The tent also includes a useful feature: an under-layer that heats up when the tent reaches a lower-than-ideal temperature.

Source

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Japan hopes to turn sci-fi into reality with elevator to the stars

An artist's impression of the platform
An artist's impression of the platform of the proposed space elevator,
which would climb 22,000 miles into space

Leo Lewis in Tokyo

From cyborg housemaids and waterpowered cars to dog translators and rocket boots, Japanese boffins have racked up plenty of near-misses in the quest to turn science fiction into reality.
Now the finest scientific minds of Japan are devoting themselves to cracking the greatest sci-fi vision of all: the space elevator. Man has so far conquered space by painfully and inefficiently blasting himself out of the atmosphere but the 21st century should bring a more leisurely ride to the final frontier.
For chemists, physicists, material scientists, astronauts and dreamers across the globe, the space elevator represents the most tantalising of concepts: cables stronger and lighter than any fibre yet woven, tethered to the ground and disappearing beyond the atmosphere to a satellite docking station in geosynchronous orbit above Earth.
Up and down the 22,000 mile-long (36,000km) cables — or flat ribbons — will run the elevator carriages, themselves requiring huge breakthroughs in engineering to which the biggest Japanese companies and universities have turned their collective attention.
In the carriages, the scientists behind the idea told The Times, could be any number of cargoes. A space elevator could carry people, huge solar-powered generators or even casks of radioactive waste. The point is that breaking free of Earth's gravity will no longer require so much energy — perhaps 100 times less than launching the space shuttle.
“Just like travelling abroad, anyone will be able to ride the elevator into space,” Shuichi Ono, chairman of the Japan Space Elevator Association, said.
The vision has inspired scientists around the world and government organisations including Nasa. Several competing space elevator projects are gathering pace as various groups vie to build practical carriages, tethers and the hundreds of other parts required to carry out the plan. There are prizes offered by space elevator-related scientific organisations for breakthroughs and competitions for the best and fastest design of carriage.
First envisioned by the celebrated master of science fiction, Arthur C. Clarke, in his 1979 work The Fountains of Paradise, the concept has all the best qualities of great science fiction: it is bold, it is a leap of imagination and it would change life as we know it.
Unlike the warp drives in Star Trek, or H.G. Wells's The Time Machine, the idea of the space elevator does not mess with the laws of science; it just presents a series of very, very complex engineering problems.
Japan is increasingly confident that its sprawling academic and industrial base can solve those issues, and has even put the astonishingly low price tag of a trillion yen (£5 billion) on building the elevator. Japan is renowned as a global leader in the precision engineering and high-quality material production without which the idea could never be possible.


Space Elevator Most of a rocket’s fuel is spent blasting through Earth’s thick atmosphere and out of the planetâ€s strong gravitational field. But here’s an alternate strategy for getting payloads up to space: Construct a 62,000-mile-long cable jutting straight out from the equator, hold it in place with centripetal force, then lift satellites and spacecraft out of the atmosphere with a giant freight elevator. One major hang-up: Cable strong enough to support the system does not yet exist, though it could be made from carbon nanotubes. Shown above is “The Climber” which sill carry the payload. John Macneill

The biggest obstacle lies in the cables. To extend the elevator to a stationary satellite from the Earth's surface would require twice that length of cable to reach a counterweight, ensuring that the cable maintains its tension.
The cable must be exceptionally light, staggeringly strong and able to withstand all projectiles thrown at it inside and outside the atmosphere. The answer, according to the groups working on designs, will lie in carbon nanotubes - microscopic particles that can be formed into fibres and whose mass production is now a focus of Japan's big textile companies.
According to Yoshio Aoki, a professor of precision machinery engineering at Nihon University and a director of the Japan Space Elevator Association, the cable would need to be about four times stronger than what is currently the strongest carbon nanotube fibre, or about 180 times stronger than steel. Pioneering work on carbon nanotubes in Cambridge has produced a strength improvement of about 100 times over the last five years.
Equally, there is the issue of powering the carriages as they climb into space. “We are thinking of using the technology employed in our bullet trains,” Professor Aoki said. “Carbon nanotubes are good conductors of electricity, so we are thinking of having a second cable to provide power all along the route.”
Japan is hosting an international conference in November to draw up a timetable for the machine.



Stranger than fiction
“Riding silently into the sky, soon she was 100km high, higher even than the old pioneering rocket planes, the X15s, used to reach. The sky was already all but black above her, with a twinkling of stars right at the zenith, the point to which the ribbon, gold-bright in the sunlight, pointed like an arrow. Looking up that way she could see no sign of structures further up the ribbon, no sign of the counterweight. Nothing but the shining beads of more spiders clambering up this thread to the sky. She suspected she still had not grasped the scale of the elevator, not remotely.”
From Firstborn by Arthur C. Clarke and Stephen Baxter
Publisher: Del Ray
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Wednesday, September 23, 2009

The Book of Enoch tr. by R.H. Charles (1917)

The Book of Enoch
The Book of Enoch, written during the second century B.C.E., is one of the most important non-canonical apocryphal works, and probably had a huge influence on early Christian, particularly Gnostic, beliefs. Filled with hallucinatory visions of heaven and hell, angels and devils, Enoch introduced concepts such as fallen angels, the appearance of a Messiah, Resurrection, a Final Judgement, and a Heavenly Kingdom on Earth. Interspersed with this material are quasi-scientific digressions on calendrical systems, geography, cosmology, astronomy, and meteorology.

This etext has been prepared specially for sacred-texts, and is a great improvement over other versions on the Internet, with the introduction, correct verse numbering, page numbers from the 1917 edition, and intact critical apparatus...

Source
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Was Adam An Alien Half-Breed?


Alien genetic manipulation


The Mind of James Donahue

Everybody knows the Bible story about the origin of the human race.

The Hebrew god Jehova, also called Elohim, created a man named Adam and a woman named Eve and placed them in a garden called Eden. This is an ancient story shared by both the Jewish and Christian religions. It appears in Genesis, the first book of the Old Testament.


I suspect this story is a twisted version of what really happened. Because of personal contact with aliens in parallel but multi-dimensional universes, I know that we three-dimensional humans are not alone. We never have been alone. We are surrounded by intelligent life that sometimes enters our dimension and frequently manages to influence our way of life.


While I cannot prove it, I suspect that one or more alien cultures came to Earth in the distant past and used some form of genetic engineering to alter the brains of existing animals, giving them what we know today as human consciousness. This would explain the sudden rise of great civilizations. It also would answer the riddle behind the construction of complex cities and stone monuments by a people that just crawled out of a cave-life existence.

How would humans have the sudden ability to hunt, farm, build monuments, and worship a god unless they were (a.) suddenly created (i.e. genetic manipulation) and also (b.) given personal instruction by another intelligent life form. Our apparent need to constantly worship something, whether it is a rock or an invisible deity in the sky, might stem from this kind of mental conditioning.

I recently had my nose buried in an unusual book, "The Pleiadian Agenda" by Barbara Hand Clow, in which the author claims to be a human vehicle for various alien communicators. The aliens (in her) say they are using this book in an attempt to push certain buttons and awaken readers into an understanding of just who we are.

Anunnaki and the Tree of Life

Clow's work speaks mostly on behalf of the Pleiadians, a race of aliens interested in helping humans rise above our situation. The author claims that we also share this planet with mainly two other alien races, the Reptilians and the Anunnaki. It is the Anunnaki who appear to be the villains in this story. These people, who reportedly come to Earth from the planet Nibiru every 3,600 years, appear to be the creators of some of us. But according to the Pleiadians, their motive was never divine. They made humans to work as their slaves. They created our complex religious belief systems to make sure we always remain trapped in their elaborate program of social control.

The Pleiadians claim that the planet Nibiru is part of our solar system, but it has such a wide arch that it only comes into view every 3,600 years. At that time Nibiru gets close enough to Earth to allow the Anunnaki to physically travel here. Their last visit was at the time of Jesus. Niberu was the star referred to in the Christmas story. The visit prior to that was made at the time the Sumarian Empire rose to power.


Just how the Anunnaki manage to exist on a world that swings so far out of the galaxy it cannot benefit from the heat of the sun, is not explained.

Indeed, this is a wild story. But because I am always willing to consider new ideas and theories, I filed it away in my head for possible future reference.

While studying an ancient translation of The Epic of Gilgamesh, a type of creation story found in clay tablets among Sumerian ruins dating back to third millenium BC, I was surprised to find a reference to the Anunnaki:

"When the Anunnaki, the judges, come together, and Mammetun, the mother of destinies, together they decree the fates of men. Life and death they allot but the day of death they do not disclose," one text reads.

The epic also speaks of Anu, "lord of the firmament," an image of God the creator of man.

Indeed, the Sumarians believed that the Anunnaki were gods of a dark underworld where the dead go. Anu was a father of gods, "the great above."

Book of Enoch
The strange Book of Enoch, an ancient text discovered in Ethiopia in 1773 (and because of references to it in ancient Hebrew writings considered to be among the oldest manuscripts in existence) talks about 200 angels who came down to earth to mate with the women. Led by a high angel named Azazyel, the angels produced giant men who ate so much they soon consumed all of the food. After that they fed on the animals and even the flesh of humans.

During this strange occupation, Enoch writes that humans were taught to make swords, knives, shields, breastplates, mirrors, jewelry, paints and dyes, make cosmetics, and use valuable stones. The people also learned sorcery, use of roots and plants for medicine, astronomy, astrology and other "signs," and the importance of the "motion of the moon."

In November I had the privilege of listening to Fr. Charles Moore, a Roman Catholic Priest, speak on the Coast to Coast radio talk show. Moore, an obvious maverick among the Catholics, also talked about the Anunnaki and his belief in their control over the human race.

It is Moore's opinion that the Anunnaki come to Earth to mine gold. He said gold is an element that cannot be found on Niberu. The Anunnaki use a form of alchemy to refine gold into a liquid that they consume. When done correctly, Moore claims the metal makes the consumer young and healthy, gives them great mental powers, and assures eternal life in this body and in this dimension. The formula that works for the Anunnaki also would work for humans, he said.


Moore believes the Anunnaki created us to mine gold for them. Indeed, gold is regarded by humans to be a most precious and admired metal. It is worn freely as decorative jewelry. Gold also has been used to make coins of value.

Since hearing that broadcast, I have stumbled upon the writings of yet another Anunnaki believer: Zecharia Sitchin.

Sitchin, an expert in ancient Semitic and Hebrew languages, has stirred much controversy with his books, writings and lectures. His Earth Chronicles series offers the premise that mythology is the repository of ancient memory, the Bible is a historic and scientific document, and ancient civilizations were the product of knowledge given to the people by the Anunnaki.

In a lecture at New York University in 1993, Sitchin outlined his theory about human origins and our link with the Anunnaki. Following are excerpts from his talk:

"There is one more planet in our own solar system, not light years away, that comes between Mars and Jupiter every 3,600 years. People from that planet came to Earth almost half a million years ago and did many of the things about which we read in the Bible, in the book of Genesis.

"I prophesize the return of this planet called Nibiru at this time. The planet is inhabited by intelligent human beings like us who will come and go between their planet and our planet. They created Homo sapiens. We look like them. I call them the Annunaki," Sitchen said.

Oannes - His fish head is where the Pope's hat originated

He said he became interested in the Sixth Chapter of Genesis, that talks about the Nefilim, or giants, identified as "the sons of the gods who married the daughters of man in the days before the great flood." In his research, Sitchen said he learned that Nefilim literally means "those who have come down to earth from the heavens.

"All the ancient scriptures, the Bible, the Greek myths, the Egyptian myth and texts, the pyramid texts, everything, led to the Sumerians, whose civilization was the first known one six thousand years ago. I focused on Sumer, the source of these legends and myths and texts and information. I learned to read the cuneiform Sumerian texts and came upon their persistent and repeated statements that those beings, whom the Sumerians called Anunnaki, came to earth from a planet called Nibiru. The planet was designated by the sign of the cross and Nibiru meant, planet of crossing."

Sitchen said scholars who were following this same course of study were debating among themselves whether Nibiru was Mars or Jupiter. He said he began an extensive study of astrological charts and realized that Nibiru couldn't be either of these planets. He finally came to the conclusion that it was a wandering planet that crossed through our solar system.

"Once I realized that this was the answer, that there is one more planet, everything else fell into place. The meaning of the Mesopotamian Epic of Creation on which the first chapters of Genesis are based and all details about the Anunnaki, who they were and who their leaders were and how they traveled from their planet to Earth and how they splashed down in the Persian Gulf and about their first settlement, their leaders and so on and so on, everything became clear! The Sumerians had immense knowledge.

"They knew about Uranus and Neptune and described them and they knew about Pluto. They were proficient in mathematics and, in many respects, their knowledge surpassed modern times. They said 'All we know was told to us by the Anunnaki.'"

Sitchen said: "The existence of Nibiru is not a matter of just one more globe in our solar system. This is different, because if Nibiru exists, and the Anunnaki exist, then the Sumerian claim that they come back to our vicinity every 3,600 years, at which times in the past they gave us civilization, then we are not alone and there are more advanced people than us in our solar system."


In one of his books, "The Twelfth Planet" Sitchin quotes a Sumerian text that he says explains how Adam, the first Homo sapien, was created. He said the process was the same as what today is called a "test tube baby process.

"The knowledge that we have acquired corroborates what the Sumerians knew six thousand years ago. You wonder how is it possible, how could they know? How, as another example, could their symbol of the entwined serpents, that we still use today to denote medicine and healing and biology, be 6,000 years ago, the symbol of Enki, who engaged in genetic engineering to bring about the Adam? That was a symbol of the DNA, the double helix of DNA," Sitchen said.


"We look like them. They made us through genetic engineering. They jumped the gun on evolution, and made us to look like them physically, and to be like them emotionally. That is what the Bible says: Let us make the Adam in our likeness and after our image. Physically, outwardly and inwardly. So much of what they are, we are."

Sitchin even goes one step farther. He also theorizes that the Anunnaki not only created us through genetic engineering, they "mixed their genes with those of Ape-woman."

This is exactly what the remote viewer finds when he peers into the past. There was, indeed, a genetic manipulation of existing animals on this planet to create various forms of intelligent Homo sapien. He says, however, that we are not all from the same source. While the Anunnaki created people, other alien visitors left their own DNA prints on this planet at even earlier times. This explains the wide variety of races that exist. We are all human, but we seem to have originated from different places and races in the universe.

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Tuesday, September 22, 2009

Tribons Is A Vision of Future Computer System Technology

Tribons concept is a vision of future technology to be influence and shape ideas of community and tribalism, self-awareness and education, trust and global citizenship. The idea of Tribons concept is based on a lightweight and powerful computer system that connects kids with their friends and family, thus providing emotional support to those who are living anonymously in different cities because of the recent mobility.
tribons device
tribons device

Tribons are designed as digital mentors, that support kid’s personal interests and show pathways to boost knowledge and development of skills. Moreover, it offers experiences and information, and make possible the understanding and participation in environments. By using Tribons, an urban child would be introduced to the natural and biological world, and similarly, a rural child can enhance their knowledge about the urban landscape. The accessories developed to comprise an earpiece that is controlled by a spontaneous 3D interface that projects various educational materials and features a safety system that allows parents track their children. Not only that, this gadget includes an additional medical module that offers surveillance of the wearer’s health parameters that will take care in case of chronic sickness and the probability of injuries.
tribons device

tribons device

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Intel Point Of Sale (POS) Concept

Shopping cloths online is always convenient except that you can’t try it in front of a mirror before purchasing. In this connection, Intel approached frog with a new concept of POS (Point-of-Sale), a rich, multimedia and interactive shopping experience combining the sensory affluence of retail shopping with the handiness of online shopping that will get customers away from the computer monitors and back into stores.
The concept’s touch-screen user-friendly interface and industrial design features the lower energy consuming Inter CPU and the ability of remote management, coupled with the upgradeability and adaptability of the hardware design, representing operational savings and reduction in total cost of ownership. With this modular architecture, retailers will be able to configure the features and the styling of the system and can reach the customers through more touch points. Also, the design will provide the opportunity to boost revenue through intelligent cross-selling tools, digital signage and targeted ads.
conceptual point of sale by frogdesign
conceptual point of sale by frogdesign

With this concept, customers will get personalized and heightened shopping experiences according to their needs, whether they want to check product recommendations and reviews, store information or sales, all they can have through this high-tech, self sufficient and intelligent system. Thus, customers will get an efficient, informative and streamlined real life shopping experience while remaining in touch of the convenience of online shopping.



conceptual point of sale by frogdesign


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Monday, September 21, 2009

Ancient crashed UFO claimed to be from Dinosaur age,
150 million year ago


(This article also appears on AmericanChronicle.com.)
By Steve Hammons

News released today about a secret U.S. Government project to analyze an allegedly extraterrestrial craft has a unique twist.

This craft did not crash in 1947 in Roswell, New Mexico.

According to the anonymous sources, it crashed approximately 150 million years ago during the age of the dinosaurs.

This information has been posted on the SERPO.org Web site, home to other reports about extraterrestrial visitation reportedly provided by current and former officials of the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).

The conduit for the information is Victor Martinez, the moderator of an e-mail “stream” information service that focuses on topics related to anomalous phenomena. Martinez has reportedly worked for several U.S. Government agencies.

In late 2005, Martinez wrote that these DIA sources had reached out to him to reveal information about “Project SERPO,” a later code name for a secret “exchange program” in the 1960s, ‘70s and ‘80s between a small team of American military personnel and extraterrestrial visitors who had established contact with the U.S. Government.

Other information reportedly provided by these sources noted that the U.S. Government maintains records collected by both U.S. officials and a race of extraterrestrials that notes visitation to Earth in ancient times.

The most recent information report from the anonymous sources via Martinez makes the claim that “A highly classified, sensitive operation with far-reaching national security implications that took place in 1968.”

ET VISITATION IN DINOSAUR AGE

“A [redacted] archaeological team uncovered a large metallic object in a remote area of southern [redacted] which is a close NATO ally of ours,” according to Martinez’ anonymous sources.

The sources also reportedly told Martinez, “The object was believed to be an alien spacecraft that had crashed approximately 200 million years ago according to the archaeological team. The site subsequently was examined by a USAF recovery team, which then put the age of the alien craft at approximately 150 million years ago.”

As fantastic as this sounds, it is not inconsistent with other speculation that if extraterrestrial visitors have been coming to Earth in recent decades, it is possible they visited in previous centuries and in the far-distant past.

Martinez reports that his sources stated, “Our scientists used the absolute dating method employing decaying radioactive isotopes. Sedimentary rock formations and the fact that the object was embedded into the rock were used to estimate the age of the alien craft.”

“The alien craft itself was 45 feet in diameter,” the sources continued. “The craft was transported to the State of [redacted] and then to the giant [redacted] lab complex in [redacted] and opened.”

“The alien craft contained two highly decomposed alien bodies and decayed animals, which were apparently abducted by these alien beings. The animals were small dinosaurs on board the alien craft.”

ANALYZING THE CRAFT

Martinez states that his sources provided the following information: “The craft was stored at [redacted] and years of intense research were conducted. The last time I checked, the research team ruled out the craft being of Eben origin.”

“Eben” is a name allegedly given to an ET culture who have visited Earth from the Zeta Reticuli star system, were the group who crashed in Roswell and the beings with whom the U.S. shared the exchange program.

The anonymous sources allegedly added, “However, no one could tell where it came from. The alien bodies were far too decomposed to be thoroughly examined. They were about 5 feet tall and had very large, bulbous heads.”

“To the best of my knowledge, 'Operation [redacted]' is still an ongoing project. I personally worked on the operation in the early '70s.”

“The instruments from the craft were interesting because they were made of small crystal-like devices, wired together with a form of very fine wire.”

“The alien propulsion system contained a large chamber with what we called ‘rocks’ (obviously some form of energy) in the chamber. Large vents placed around the chamber vented some sort of power, radiation or some form of tremendous energy generated through the vents and into the propulsion chamber which enabled interstellar space travel.”

The anonymous sources claimed, “Examination of the rocks found zinc, and several unknown materials and alloys which we still cannot identify to this day. The ‘rocks’ obviously lost all of their energy over the years. They were not radioactive nor did they contain any special properties. We could never power up the alien craft in the nearly 40 years we've had possession of it.”

“We could not locate the actual power system and therefore could never operate any of the equipment contained within the craft. However, we did find a 'star chart.' The chart was created from outside of the Earth on the alien home world.”

“To this day, we have been unable to read and decipher the alien star chart. The star chart was of a deep area of space, but our scientists haven't been able to find that specific area of space.”

“ … the amazing … alien technology on this craft has similarly stumped us; while some progress has been made on it since 1968, it's been minimal (partially due to the poor, degraded condition of the alien craft).”

BOGGLES THE MIND

In the posting on SERPO.org and in his e-mail stream, Martinez and his anonymous sources reflect on the implications of what a discovery of this nature means.

“Anonymous” writes, “… the existence of alien civilizations who had already achieved space traveling capabilities zipping around the Milky Way Galaxy (and perhaps others) truly boggles the mind.”

“The Ebens were perhaps still in their ‘galactic diapers’ when these alien beings were already visiting other worlds –150-200 MYA [million years ago] and Homo sapiens did not even exist!”

“One can only wonder and speculate where a civilization – that had already achieved interstellar space travel – would be at today technologically from 150-200 MYA!"

Anonymous and Martinez continued their speculation with Anonymous allegedly stating: “How many star systems have they visited by now? How many other alien civilizations have they made successful contact and interacted with, and perhaps carry on some sort of trade with? How many solar systems have they visited and mapped out in our Milky Way Galaxy and perhaps those of other galaxies?”

“One also has to consider the possibility that rather than this crash having occurred in our timeline of 150-200 MYA, these alien beings traveled to Earth from the future to our distant past – when dinosaurs ruled – as part of a research mission ... that also boggles the mind!” Anonymous said, according to Martinez.

As with all of the Project SERPO information, this latest chapter will surely provoke discussion, doubts about its truthfulness and trigger the imaginations of many readers.

Is it true? Is it some kind of disinformation or phony claim? Is there some truth hidden within inaccurate information?

Is it part of an “acclimation” program to prepare Americans and the human race for the awareness of very interesting and surprising information?

At present, it is not possible for most readers to confirm the truthfulness of the statements Anonymous is reportedly making to Martinez and Martinez is passing on to the public.

What may be helpful for our perspectives, however, is considering that if extraterrestrial visitation to Earth is a reality, then it could have been occurring in time frames beyond what we might have previously thought.


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Thursday, September 17, 2009

Vitamin supplements are largely a waste of money, says professor

Healthy people are wasting money on vitamin supplements and at worst may be harming their health, according to a leading nutritionist.
Brian Ratcliffe, of the Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, said that most of those taking the supplements were among the “worried well” and would be unlikely to gain any appreciable health benefits from taking vitamin and mineral tablets or fish oil capsules.
They would be better advised simply to improve their diets, he said, adding, however, that supplements could be valuable for elderly people.
Professor Ratcliffe told the British Science Festival: “A lot of people are taking a belt-and-braces approach to their health but they often don’t need these supplements. My biggest worry is that they’re wasting their money and fuelling an industry that’s exploiting their fears.”
A common misconception is that if something is good for you, more of it is better, he said. The body has a limited capacity to metabolise nutrients such as vitamin C. The recommended daily intake of is 60mg, yet tablets can contain up to 3g. “If you take 1.5g of vitamin C in one go, 75 per cent of it will go straight through you and end up in the toilet. These large doses are just a waste of money.”
Supplements could even be detrimental to health, he said. At particular risk are those taking a daily cocktail of supplements.
Taking a multi-vitamin tablet along with cod liver oil capsules, for instance, could mean exceeding the recommended daily dose of vitamin A, which is 0.7mg for men and 0.6mg for women.
This could result in headaches and nausea and in the long term be harmful to the liver and increase the risk of osteoporosis. “There’s a chance of people dabbling in areas where there is potential for harm,” he said.
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Earth-like planet Corot-7b found outside solar system

Corot-7b orbits 1.6 million miles from its parent star, 23 times closer than Mercury is to the Sun
Astronomers have confirmed that a planet orbiting a distant star has a rocky structure similar to that of Earth, a find that shortens the odds on extraterrestrial life being discovered.
New observations of a planet named Corot-7b, which circles a star 500 light years away in the constellation Monoceros, or the Unicorn, have shown that its density is similar to the Earth’s, indicating that it is also a solid, rocky world.
The discovery is important for the prospects of discovering life elsewhere because Corot-7b is the first exoplanet — a planet beyond our solar system — orbiting another star that has been found to have the sort of solid structure that might harbour living things.
Although it is unlikely that the planet itself could be home to living organisms because it is so hot — it is so close to its parent star that scientists have likened it to Dante’s Inferno — the new research suggests that other rocky worlds are probably common.
The discovery of Corot-7b was announced in February after observations by the Corot planet-hunting space observatory. While its diameter was shown then to be about 80 per cent larger than the Earth’s, its mass and, hence, its density could not initially be calculated.
These values have now been worked out from data collected by the High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher (Harps) instrument at the La Silla observatory of European Southern Observatory. The planet’s mass is about five times that of Earth, which means that its density is similar to that of our planet.
“This is science at its thrilling and amazing best,” said Didier Queloz, of the Geneva observatory in Switzerland, who led the research team. “We did everything we could to learn what the object discovered by the Corot satellite looks like and we found a unique system.”
Claire Montou, of the Marseilles astrophysics laboratory in France and another member of the team, said that the planet’s mass “is the smallest that has been precisely measured for an exoplanet”. She added: “Moreover, as we have both the radius and the mass, we can determine the density and get a better idea of the internal structure of this planet.”
Details of the planet’s mass and density were announced yesterday at the European Planetary Science Congress in Barcelona and will be published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Corot-7b orbits 1.6 million miles (2.5 million km) from its parent star, which is 23 times closer than Mercury, the innermost planet in our solar system, is to the Sun.
“Corot-7b is so close that the place may well look like Dante’s Inferno, with a probable temperature on its ‘day-face’ above 2000C (3,600F) and minus 200C (minus 330F) on its ‘night face’,” Dr Queloz said.
“Theoretical models suggest that the planet may have lava or boiling oceans on its surface. With such extreme conditions, this planet is definitively not a place for life to develop.”
The confirmed existence of a planet with a rocky structure and a density like the Earth’s, however, increases the chances that similar worlds with more favourable conditions for life will be found.
The Corot probe and the Nasa Kepler planet-hunting observatory are currently in orbit looking for such planets.
Alan Boss, of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, who works on the Kepler project, said: “The evidence is becoming overwhelming that we live in a crowded Universe.”
 

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Tuesday, September 15, 2009

Google Fast Flip
Fast Flip is quite neat–pretty addictive, actually. But it’s also…kind of odd.

Did I just say that one of the differences between Bing and Google is that Bing is splashy and Google revels in its plain jane interface? I lied. Google had a TechCrunch50 announcement of its own this afternoon, and involves a new Google Labs feature that has a high "wow, lookee there!" quotient: Google Fast Flip.
Fast Flip is based on Google News, and Google says it came up with it to address the fact that browsing through news sites is usually a slow process-not at all like the effortless instant gratification of flipping through a magazine or newspaper. Google has partnered with several dozen news sources-including the BBC, BusinessWeek, the Christian Science Monitor, the Daily Beast, Esquire, the New York Times, Newsweek, Salon, Slate, and TechCrunch-to create previews of their stories that live on Fast Flip but which display the first several paragraphs of the article in a form that looks like the originating site. You rifle through these previews by clicking left and right arrows, and the pages zip on and off-screen in high-speed, fluid animation-hence the "Fast Flip" name.

Fast Flip has a Like button that lets you express your approval of stories you like, and Google says that the more you use the service, the smarter it will get about presenting you with stuff you're likely to be interested in. (It lets you browse in multiple ways-by subject, by provider, and by author.) Oh, and there are mobile versions for iPhone and Android.

It's quite neat-pretty addictive, actually. But it's also...kind of odd. For several reasons:

It doesn't necessarily make browsing for news faster. The flipping interface shows one story at a time in legible form-versus the dozens that plain ol' Google News puts on one screen-along with thumbnails in which the headlines are tiny and the articles themselves are too tiny to read. Once you click on a preview, you go to the originating site-which is no faster than usual-and getting back to Fast Flip may be kinda cumbersome, especially if you've clicked through to a multi-page article.

The previews break some conventions of the Web. They may have what seem to be hyperlinks, and tools like icons for printing the page, but none of this stuff works-the preview is a giant hyperlink to the article on the originating site.

The ads are un-Google-esque. Google is putting ads in Fast Flip and sharing the revenues with its content partners. Unlike classic Google text ads, these are display ads-tall, skinny ones-and while they're context sensitive, some of the ones I'm seeing so far are a tad on the cheesy side:

It doesn't always work. Fast Flip doesn't carry a beta tag, but it's a Google Labs project, so it's experimental by definition. I found it a bit quirky-one Slate page was so wide it didn't fit in the preview, for instance. And this one-line Atlantic blog post doesn't really need a preview, except that Fast Flip fails to display the embedded video that makes the text make sense:

I don't mean to be overly nitpicky-Fast Flip is clever, and I hope it sticks around and evolves. If you check it out, let us know what you think.Posted using ShareThis

Sunday, September 13, 2009

Hubble Telescope's Site - Hubble Opens New Eyes on the Universe (09/09/2009)

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is back in business, ready to uncover new worlds, peer ever deeper into space, and even map the invisible backbone of the universe. The first snapshots from the refurbished Hubble showcase the 19-year-old telescope's new vision. Topping the list of exciting new views are colorful multi-wavelength pictures of far-flung galaxies, a densely packed star cluster, an eerie "pillar of creation," and a "butterfly" nebula. With its new imaging camera, Hubble can view galaxies, star clusters, and other objects across a wide swath of the electromagnetic spectrum, from ultraviolet to near-infrared light.

Forbidden Archeology - Michael A. Cremo - About Forbidden Archeology



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Saturday, September 12, 2009

The Fourth Kind. In Theaters November 6, 2009

Thursday, September 10, 2009

The Day I Died, Near Death Experience (NDE)

The Learning Channel aired a brand new British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) production about NDEs entitled The Day I Died. IANDS Board members were immediately and powerfully impressed with the quality of the 45-minute program. It showed two in-depth case studies of NDErs—one in the U.K., the other in the U.S.; depicted the two most recent prospective NDE research studies—one in the U.K., the other in the Netherlands; interviewed the most outstanding NDE researchers worldwide; presented both skeptical and “believer” perspectives; and reenacted the most compelling case of veridical (verifiably accurate) perception in an NDE during radical surgery for a brain aneurysm. The production was completely up-to-date and covered virtually everything an inquiring mind needed for an informed and balanced introduction to the phenomenon of NDEs. In short, most, if not all, Board members considered it the best NDE production made to date—very close to “the ultimate NDE video.”
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Conspiracy - Area 51


UFO and other conspiracy theories concerning Area 51

Its secretive nature and undoubted connection to classified aircraft research, together with reports of unusual phenomena, have led Area 51 to become a focus of modern UFO and conspiracy theories. Some of the activities mentioned in such theories at Area 51 include:
Many of the hypotheses concern underground facilities at Groom or at Papoose Lake, 8.5 miles south, and include claims of a transcontinental underground railroad system, a disappearing airstrip (nicknamed the "Cheshire Airstrip", after Lewis Carroll's Cheshire cat) which briefly appears when water is sprayed onto its camouflaged asphalt,[50] and engineering based on alien technology. Publicly available satellite imagery, however, reveals clearly visible landing strips at Groom Dry Lake, but not at Papoose Lake.
Veterans of experimental projects such as OXCART and NERVA at Area 51 agree that their work (including 2,850 OXCART test flights alone) inadvertently prompted many of the UFO sightings and other rumors:[6]
The shape of OXCART was unprecedented, with its wide, disk-like fuselage designed to carry vast quantities of fuel. Commercial pilots cruising over Nevada at dusk would look up and see the bottom of OXCART whiz by at 2,000-plus mph. The aircraft's titanium body, moving as fast as a bullet, would reflect the sun's rays in a way that could make anyone think, UFO.[6]
While they deny the existence of a vast underground railroad system, many of Area 51's operations did (and presumably still do) occur underground.[6]
Several people have claimed knowledge of events supporting Area 51 conspiracy theories. These have included Bob Lazar, who claimed in 1989 that he had worked at Area 51's S-4 (a facility at Papoose Lake), where he was contracted to work with alien spacecraft that the U.S. government had in its possession.[51] Similarly, the 1996 documentary Dreamland directed by Bruce Burgess included an interview with a 71 year old mechanical engineer who claimed to be a former employee at Area 51 during the 1950s. His claims included that he had worked on a "flying disc simulator" which had been based on a disc originating from a crashed extraterrestrial craft and was used to train US Pilots. He also claimed to have worked with an extraterrestrial being named "J-Rod" and described as a "telepathic translator".[52] In 2004, Dan Burisch (pseudonym of Dan Crain) claimed to have worked on cloning alien viruses at Area 51, also alongside the alien named "J-Rod". Burisch's scholarly credentials are the subject of much debate, as he was apparently working as a Las Vegas parole officer in 1989 while also earning a PhD at SUNY.[53]
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Wednesday, September 09, 2009

Yevgeny Podkletnov and his "Gravitational Impulse Generator" (Anti-Gravity)

Yevgeny (Eugene) Podkletnov is a Russian scientist who emigrated to Tampere, Finland and became famous when he asserted that he had found a way to block gravity. He claimed that a spinning, superconducting disc with which he was working lost as much as 2% of its weight. When his theories first came to light in 1996, the scientific community either treated him with skepticism or with scorn. He withdrew his paper, was abandoned by many of his colleagues and found that he had very little credibility in the scientific world.
Born in Russia in the mid-1950s, Podkletnov graduated with a master's degree from the University of Chemical Technology, Mendeleyev Institute, in Moscow; he then spent 15 years at the Institute for High Temperatures in the Russian Academy of Sciences. Later he received a doctorate in materials science fromTampere University's Institute of Technology, and worked at the institute, on superconductors, until 1996, when the furor over his experiments resulted in his being asked to leave.
In 2002, Boeing, the world's largest aircraft manufacturer, approached Podkletnov to work with them on further research into blocking gravity.

Dr Yevgeny Podkletnov[1] (Russian: Евгений Подклетнов) is a Russian engineer, formerly affiliated with the Materials Science Department at the Tampere University of Technology, Finland, who is best known for his controversial work on a so-called gravity shielding device. Born in Russia in the mid-1950s, Podkletnov graduated with a master's degree from the University of Chemical Technology, Mendeleyev Institute, in Moscow; he then spent 15 years at the Institute for High Temperatures in the Russian Academy of Sciences. Later he received a doctorate in materials science from Tampere University of Technology, and worked at the university, on superconductors, until 1996.[citation needed]

Podkletnov's gravity shielding experiments

According to the account Podkletnov gave to reporter Charles Platt in a 1996 phone interview, during a 1992 experiment with a rotating superconducting disk,
Someone in the laboratory was smoking a pipe, and the pipe smoke rose in a column above the superconducting disc. So we placed a ball-shaped magnet above the disc, attached to a balance. The balance behaved strangely. We substituted a nonmagnetic material, silicon, and still the balance was very strange. We found that any object above the disc lost some of its weight, and we found that if we rotated the disc, the effect was increased.[citation needed]
Podkletnov wrote a paper reporting that the gravitational force directly above the disk was about 0.3% less than normal. He concluded that the superconducting disk was altering the Earth's gravitational force above it. (Since this initial experiment, Podkletnov claims, he has improved his technique, allegedly obtaining as much as a 2% decrease in the gravitational force.)

Public controversy

Podkletnov's first peer-reviewed paper on the apparent gravity-modification effect, published in 1992, attracted little notice. In 1996, he submitted a longer paper, in which he claimed to have observed a larger effect (2% weight reduction as opposed to 0.3% in the 1992 paper) to the prestigious Journal of Physics D. According to science reporter Charles Platt, a member of the editorial staff, Ian Sample, leaked the submitted paper to Robert Matthews, the science correspondent for the British newspaper, the Sunday Telegraph.[citation needed]
On September 1, 1996, Matthews's story broke, leading with the startling statement: Scientists in Finland are about to reveal details of the world's first antigravity device.[1] In the ensuing furor, the director of the laboratory where Podkletnov was working issued a defensive statement that Podkletnov was working entirely on his own.[citation needed] In a bizarre twist, Podkletnov's supposed coauthor disavowed prior knowledge of the paper[citation needed], but some have found this disingenuous. Podkletnov himself complained that he had never claimed to block gravity, only to reduce its effect.
By 1997, Podkletnov had withdrawn his second paper (after it had been initially accepted - see page proof here [2]), was no longer allowed into his former lab in Tampere and had returned to Moscow, where he quietly took an engineering job. (In 1998 he was however reported to be working on superconductors at Tamglass engineering Oy in Tampere. [3])

Podkletnov's gravity reflection beam

In a second interview (1997) by Wired magazine reporter Charles Platt, Podkletnov told Platt that he was continuing to work on gravitation, claiming that with new collaborators at an un-named "chemical research center" in Moscow he has built a new device. He said:
Normally there are two spheres, and a spark jumps between them. Now imagine the spheres are flat surfaces, superconductors, one of them a coil or O-ring. Under specific conditions, applying resonating fields and composite superconducting coatings, we can organize the energy discharge in such a way that it goes through the center of the electrode, accompanied by gravitation phenomena - reflecting gravitational waves that spread through the walls and hit objects on the floors below, knocking them over...The second generation of flying machines will reflect gravity waves and will be small, light, and fast, like UFOs. I have achieved impulse reflection; now the task is to make it work continuously.[citation needed][2]
More recently, in collaboration with Italian physicist Giovanni Modanese, Podkletnov has reported on a similar device which he claims generates a coherent gravity repulsion beam. (See the citation below.) Supporters claim it has been seen to move a pendulum located 150 meters away in another building.[citation needed] Allegedly, Podkletnov has observed that the "backside" of this second device emits "radiation" (not otherwise specified) which seems to be dangerous to biological tissues.[citation needed]

Related work

Back in 1990, two physicists at the University of Alabama, Douglas Torr and Ning Li, had predicted that superconducting magnets might reduce the effect of gravity. Elated by Podkletnov's apparent confirmation of this prediction, Torr persuaded David Noever, a colleague at the nearby Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, to attempt to reproduce the gravity shielding experiment.
Torr soon moved to the University of South Carolina and commenced work on a most unusual device. According to Platt, Torr describes this device as a "gravity generator" that can create a force beam in any desired direction. Officials of the University of South Carolina, however, apparently disavowed association with this work (in an interview by reporter Charles Platt[citation needed]), and it seems that Torr is seeking private funding to continue his research.
James Woodward, an adjunct professor of physics at Cal State in Fullerton, CA, claims to have constructed a device which achieves time varied changes in mass using rather ordinary capacitors.[citation needed]
Marcus Hollingshead, a British inventor, claimed in 2002 to have invented a device with similar gravity-modifying effects, though more related to the non-superconducting spinning S.E.G. configuration proposed by John Searl.
In 2006, Martin Tajmar and several coworkers at the Austrian Research Center (ARC) Seibersdorf announced their claim to have measured the gravitomagnetic London moment of Cooper pairs in a superconducting ring spinning at 6500 rpm[3]. Despite the similarity to the apparatus used by Podkletnov, the authors carefully state in their eprint (see citation below) that their claimed result should not be confused with the claims of Podkletnov; specifically, they measured a tangential gravitomagnetic force created by Type I superconductors, (Elemental Lead and Niobium rings at liquid helium temperatures) but failed to measure an axial force from Type II superconductors (YBCO and BSSCO ceramics at liquid nitrogen temperatures) as described by Podkletnov. Thus, their results suggest a magnified form of 'frame dragging' rather than gravity reflection. However, there are major differences between the experiments, such as the method of driving the ring. (In the ARC experiments, the ring was physically driven by a motor, while Podkletnov's experiment levitated and spun the ring using magnetic fields.)

Attempted verification

In his 1997 interview by Charles Platt, Podkletnov insisted that his gravity-shielding work has been reproduced[citation needed] by researchers at universities in Toronto and Sheffield, but none have come forward to acknowledge this. The Sheffield work, for one, is now known to have only been intended as partial replication, aimed at observing any unusual effects which might present themselves, as the team involved lacked access to the necessary facilities for producing a large enough disk and the ability to duplicate the means by which the original disk was rotated. Podkletnov counters that the researchers in question have kept quiet "lest they be criticized by the mainstream scientific community".[citation needed] Podkletnov, in fact, visited the Sheffield team in 2000 and advised them on the conditions necessary to achieve his effect - conditions that they never got close to matching[citation needed].
The group at NASA in Huntsville did not finish their attempts to verify Podkletnov's original gravity shielding experiment. Although, two attempts were made to repeat the superconductor rotation experiment, one in house and one through a SBIR. In both cases, large superconductor disks were fabricated. However, in both cases, the funding did not allow for the development of the rotation system needed for the completion of the test. No attempt has been made by NASA to repeat the second impulse experiment.
In a BBC news item, it was alleged that researchers at Boeing were funding a project called GRASP (Gravity Research for Advanced Space Propulsion) which would attempt to construct a gravity shielding device,[4] but a subsequent Popular Mechanics news item stated that Boeing had denied funding GRASP with company money, although Boeing acknowledged that it could not comment on "black projects".[5] A possible solution of this contradiction has been suggested: it is alleged that the GRASP proposal was presented to Boeing, but that Boeing chose not to fund it[6].
  1. ^ A literal transliteration of Podkletnov's first name would be "Evgeny", but in English language publications he has used the Anglophone equivalent, "Eugene", and we follow that practice here.
  2. ^ Feature
  3. ^ Tajmar, M.; Plesescu, F.; Marhold, K.; and de Matos, C.J. (2006). "Experimental Detection of the Gravitomagnetic London Moment". arΧiv: gr-qc/0603033v1. 
  4. ^ BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Boeing tries to defy gravity
  5. ^ Science Does The Impossible: February 2003 Cover Story - Popular Mechanics
  6. ^ Gravity Shielding Still Science Fiction, Boeing Says

References


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